# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Copyright (C) 2007 Edgewall Software
# All rights reserved.
#
# This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
# you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
# are also available at http://babel.edgewall.org/wiki/License.
#
# This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
# individuals. For the exact contribution history, see the revision
# history and logs, available at http://babel.edgewall.org/log/.
 
"""Basic infrastructure for extracting localizable messages from source files.
 
This module defines an extensible system for collecting localizable message
strings from a variety of sources. A native extractor for Python source files
is builtin, extractors for other sources can be added using very simple plugins.
 
The main entry points into the extraction functionality are the functions
`extract_from_dir` and `extract_from_file`.
"""
 
import os
try:
    set
except NameError:
    from sets import Set as set
import sys
from tokenize import generate_tokens, COMMENT, NAME, OP, STRING
 
from babel.util import parse_encoding, pathmatch, relpath
from textwrap import dedent
 
__all__ = ['extract', 'extract_from_dir', 'extract_from_file']
__docformat__ = 'restructuredtext en'
 
GROUP_NAME = 'babel.extractors'
 
DEFAULT_KEYWORDS = {
    '_': None,
    'gettext': None,
    'ngettext': (1, 2),
    'ugettext': None,
    'ungettext': (1, 2),
    'dgettext': (2,),
    'dngettext': (2, 3),
    'N_': None
}
 
DEFAULT_MAPPING = [('**.py', 'python')]
 
empty_msgid_warning = (
'%s: warning: Empty msgid.  It is reserved by GNU gettext: gettext("") '
'returns the header entry with meta information, not the empty string.')
 
 
def _strip_comment_tags(comments, tags):
    """Helper function for `extract` that strips comment tags from strings
    in a list of comment lines.  This functions operates in-place.
    """
    def _strip(line):
        for tag in tags:
            if line.startswith(tag):
                return line[len(tag):].strip()
        return line
    comments[:] = map(_strip, comments)
 
 
def extract_from_dir(dirname=os.getcwd(), method_map=DEFAULT_MAPPING,
                     options_map=None, keywords=DEFAULT_KEYWORDS,
                     comment_tags=(), callback=None, strip_comment_tags=False):
    """Extract messages from any source files found in the given directory.
 
    This function generates tuples of the form:
 
        ``(filename, lineno, message, comments)``
 
    Which extraction method is used per file is determined by the `method_map`
    parameter, which maps extended glob patterns to extraction method names.
    For example, the following is the default mapping:
 
    >>> method_map = [
    ...     ('**.py', 'python')
    ... ]
 
    This basically says that files with the filename extension ".py" at any
    level inside the directory should be processed by the "python" extraction
    method. Files that don't match any of the mapping patterns are ignored. See
    the documentation of the `pathmatch` function for details on the pattern
    syntax.
 
    The following extended mapping would also use the "genshi" extraction
    method on any file in "templates" subdirectory:
 
    >>> method_map = [
    ...     ('**/templates/**.*', 'genshi'),
    ...     ('**.py', 'python')
    ... ]
 
    The dictionary provided by the optional `options_map` parameter augments
    these mappings. It uses extended glob patterns as keys, and the values are
    dictionaries mapping options names to option values (both strings).
 
    The glob patterns of the `options_map` do not necessarily need to be the
    same as those used in the method mapping. For example, while all files in
    the ``templates`` folders in an application may be Genshi applications, the
    options for those files may differ based on extension:
 
    >>> options_map = {
    ...     '**/templates/**.txt': {
    ...         'template_class': 'genshi.template:TextTemplate',
    ...         'encoding': 'latin-1'
    ...     },
    ...     '**/templates/**.html': {
    ...         'include_attrs': ''
    ...     }
    ... }
 
    :param dirname: the path to the directory to extract messages from
    :param method_map: a list of ``(pattern, method)`` tuples that maps of
                       extraction method names to extended glob patterns
    :param options_map: a dictionary of additional options (optional)
    :param keywords: a dictionary mapping keywords (i.e. names of functions
                     that should be recognized as translation functions) to
                     tuples that specify which of their arguments contain
                     localizable strings
    :param comment_tags: a list of tags of translator comments to search for
                         and include in the results
    :param callback: a function that is called for every file that message are
                     extracted from, just before the extraction itself is
                     performed; the function is passed the filename, the name
                     of the extraction method and and the options dictionary as
                     positional arguments, in that order
    :param strip_comment_tags: a flag that if set to `True` causes all comment
                               tags to be removed from the collected comments.
    :return: an iterator over ``(filename, lineno, funcname, message)`` tuples
    :rtype: ``iterator``
    :see: `pathmatch`
    """
    if options_map is None:
        options_map = {}
 
    absname = os.path.abspath(dirname)
    for root, dirnames, filenames in os.walk(absname):
        for subdir in dirnames:
            if subdir.startswith('.') or subdir.startswith('_'):
                dirnames.remove(subdir)
        dirnames.sort()
        filenames.sort()
        for filename in filenames:
            filename = relpath(
                os.path.join(root, filename).replace(os.sep, '/'),
                dirname
            )
            for pattern, method in method_map:
                if pathmatch(pattern, filename):
                    filepath = os.path.join(absname, filename)
                    options = {}
                    for opattern, odict in options_map.items():
                        if pathmatch(opattern, filename):
                            options = odict
                    if callback:
                        callback(filename, method, options)
                    for lineno, message, comments in \
                          extract_from_file(method, filepath,
                                            keywords=keywords,
                                            comment_tags=comment_tags,
                                            options=options,
                                            strip_comment_tags=
                                                strip_comment_tags):
                        yield filename, lineno, message, comments
                    break
 
 
def extract_from_file(method, filename, keywords=DEFAULT_KEYWORDS,
                      comment_tags=(), options=None, strip_comment_tags=False):
    """Extract messages from a specific file.
 
    This function returns a list of tuples of the form:
 
        ``(lineno, funcname, message)``
 
    :param filename: the path to the file to extract messages from
    :param method: a string specifying the extraction method (.e.g. "python")
    :param keywords: a dictionary mapping keywords (i.e. names of functions
                     that should be recognized as translation functions) to
                     tuples that specify which of their arguments contain
                     localizable strings
    :param comment_tags: a list of translator tags to search for and include
                         in the results
    :param strip_comment_tags: a flag that if set to `True` causes all comment
                               tags to be removed from the collected comments.
    :param options: a dictionary of additional options (optional)
    :return: the list of extracted messages
    :rtype: `list`
    """
    fileobj = open(filename, 'U')
    try:
        return list(extract(method, fileobj, keywords, comment_tags, options,
                            strip_comment_tags))
    finally:
        fileobj.close()
 
 
def extract(method, fileobj, keywords=DEFAULT_KEYWORDS, comment_tags=(),
            options=None, strip_comment_tags=False):
    """Extract messages from the given file-like object using the specified
    extraction method.
 
    This function returns a list of tuples of the form:
 
        ``(lineno, message, comments)``
 
    The implementation dispatches the actual extraction to plugins, based on the
    value of the ``method`` parameter.
 
    >>> source = '''# foo module
    ... def run(argv):
    ...    print _('Hello, world!')
    ... '''
 
    >>> from StringIO import StringIO
    >>> for message in extract('python', StringIO(source)):
    ...     print message
    (3, u'Hello, world!', [])
 
    :param method: a string specifying the extraction method (.e.g. "python");
                   if this is a simple name, the extraction function will be
                   looked up by entry point; if it is an explicit reference
                   to a function (of the form ``package.module:funcname`` or
                   ``package.module.funcname``), the corresponding function
                   will be imported and used
    :param fileobj: the file-like object the messages should be extracted from
    :param keywords: a dictionary mapping keywords (i.e. names of functions
                     that should be recognized as translation functions) to
                     tuples that specify which of their arguments contain
                     localizable strings
    :param comment_tags: a list of translator tags to search for and include
                         in the results
    :param options: a dictionary of additional options (optional)
    :param strip_comment_tags: a flag that if set to `True` causes all comment
                               tags to be removed from the collected comments.
    :return: the list of extracted messages
    :rtype: `list`
    :raise ValueError: if the extraction method is not registered
    """
    func = None
    if ':' in method or '.' in method:
        if ':' not in method:
            lastdot = method.rfind('.')
            module, attrname = method[:lastdot], method[lastdot + 1:]
        else:
            module, attrname = method.split(':', 1)
        func = getattr(__import__(module, {}, {}, [attrname]), attrname)
    else:
        try:
            from pkg_resources import working_set
        except ImportError:
            # pkg_resources is not available, so we resort to looking up the
            # builtin extractors directly
            builtin = {'ignore': extract_nothing, 'python': extract_python}
            func = builtin.get(method)
        else:
            for entry_point in working_set.iter_entry_points(GROUP_NAME,
                                                             method):
                func = entry_point.load(require=True)
                break
    if func is None:
        raise ValueError('Unknown extraction method %r' % method)
 
    results = func(fileobj, keywords.keys(), comment_tags,
                   options=options or {})
 
    for lineno, funcname, messages, comments in results:
        if funcname:
            spec = keywords[funcname] or (1,)
        else:
            spec = (1,)
        if not isinstance(messages, (list, tuple)):
            messages = [messages]
        if not messages:
            continue
 
        # Validate the messages against the keyword's specification
        msgs = []
        invalid = False
        # last_index is 1 based like the keyword spec
        last_index = len(messages)
        for index in spec:
            if last_index < index:
                # Not enough arguments
                invalid = True
                break
            message = messages[index - 1]
            if message is None:
                invalid = True
                break
            msgs.append(message)
        if invalid:
            continue
 
        first_msg_index = spec[0] - 1
        if not messages[first_msg_index]:
            # An empty string msgid isn't valid, emit a warning
            where = '%s:%i' % (hasattr(fileobj, 'name') and \
                                   fileobj.name or '(unknown)', lineno)
            print >> sys.stderr, empty_msgid_warning % where
            continue
 
        messages = tuple(msgs)
        if len(messages) == 1:
            messages = messages[0]
 
        if strip_comment_tags:
            _strip_comment_tags(comments, comment_tags)
        yield lineno, messages, comments
 
 
def extract_nothing(fileobj, keywords, comment_tags, options):
    """Pseudo extractor that does not actually extract anything, but simply
    returns an empty list.
    """
    return []
 
 
def extract_python(fileobj, keywords, comment_tags, options):
    """Extract messages from Python source code.
 
    :param fileobj: the seekable, file-like object the messages should be
                    extracted from
    :param keywords: a list of keywords (i.e. function names) that should be
                     recognized as translation functions
    :param comment_tags: a list of translator tags to search for and include
                         in the results
    :param options: a dictionary of additional options (optional)
    :return: an iterator over ``(lineno, funcname, message, comments)`` tuples
    :rtype: ``iterator``
    """
    funcname = lineno = message_lineno = None
    call_stack = -1
    buf = []
    messages = []
    translator_comments = []
    in_def = in_translator_comments = False
    comment_tag = None
 
    encoding = parse_encoding(fileobj) or options.get('encoding', 'iso-8859-1')
 
    tokens = generate_tokens(fileobj.readline)
    for tok, value, (lineno, _), _, _ in tokens:
        if call_stack == -1 and tok == NAME and value in ('def', 'class'):
            in_def = True
        elif tok == OP and value == '(':
            if in_def:
                # Avoid false positives for declarations such as:
                # def gettext(arg='message'):
                in_def = False
                continue
            if funcname:
                message_lineno = lineno
                call_stack += 1
        elif in_def and tok == OP and value == ':':
            # End of a class definition without parens
            in_def = False
            continue
        elif call_stack == -1 and tok == COMMENT:
            # Strip the comment token from the line
            value = value.decode(encoding)[1:].strip()
            if in_translator_comments and \
                    translator_comments[-1][0] == lineno - 1:
                # We're already inside a translator comment, continue appending
                translator_comments.append((lineno, value))
                continue
            # If execution reaches this point, let's see if comment line
            # starts with one of the comment tags
            for comment_tag in comment_tags:
                if value.startswith(comment_tag):
                    in_translator_comments = True
                    translator_comments.append((lineno, value))
                    break
        elif funcname and call_stack == 0:
            if tok == OP and value == ')':
                if buf:
                    messages.append(''.join(buf))
                    del buf[:]
                else:
                    messages.append(None)
 
                if len(messages) > 1:
                    messages = tuple(messages)
                else:
                    messages = messages[0]
                # Comments don't apply unless they immediately preceed the
                # message
                if translator_comments and \
                        translator_comments[-1][0] < message_lineno - 1:
                    translator_comments = []
 
                yield (message_lineno, funcname, messages,
                       [comment[1] for comment in translator_comments])
 
                funcname = lineno = message_lineno = None
                call_stack = -1
                messages = []
                translator_comments = []
                in_translator_comments = False
            elif tok == STRING:
                # Unwrap quotes in a safe manner, maintaining the string's
                # encoding
                # https://sourceforge.net/tracker/?func=detail&atid=355470&
                # aid=617979&group_id=5470
                value = eval('# coding=%s\n%s' % (encoding, value),
                             {'__builtins__':{}}, {})
                if isinstance(value, str):
                    value = value.decode(encoding)
                buf.append(value)
            elif tok == OP and value == ',':
                if buf:
                    messages.append(''.join(buf))
                    del buf[:]
                else:
                    messages.append(None)
                if translator_comments:
                    # We have translator comments, and since we're on a
                    # comma(,) user is allowed to break into a new line
                    # Let's increase the last comment's lineno in order
                    # for the comment to still be a valid one
                    old_lineno, old_comment = translator_comments.pop()
                    translator_comments.append((old_lineno+1, old_comment))
        elif call_stack > 0 and tok == OP and value == ')':
            call_stack -= 1
        elif funcname and call_stack == -1:
            funcname = None
        elif tok == NAME and value in keywords:
            funcname = value
 
 
def extract_javascript(fileobj, keywords, comment_tags, options):
    """Extract messages from JavaScript source code.
 
    :param fileobj: the seekable, file-like object the messages should be
                    extracted from
    :param keywords: a list of keywords (i.e. function names) that should be
                     recognized as translation functions
    :param comment_tags: a list of translator tags to search for and include
                         in the results
    :param options: a dictionary of additional options (optional)
    :return: an iterator over ``(lineno, funcname, message, comments)`` tuples
    :rtype: ``iterator``
    """
    from babel.messages.jslexer import tokenize, unquote_string
    funcname = message_lineno = None
    messages = []
    last_argument = None
    translator_comments = []
    concatenate_next = False
    encoding = options.get('encoding', 'utf-8')
    last_token = None
    call_stack = -1
 
    for token in tokenize(fileobj.read().decode(encoding)):
        if token.type == 'operator' and token.value == '(':
            if funcname:
                message_lineno = token.lineno
                call_stack += 1
 
        elif call_stack == -1 and token.type == 'linecomment':
            value = token.value[2:].strip()
            if translator_comments and \
               translator_comments[-1][0] == token.lineno - 1:
                translator_comments.append((token.lineno, value))
                continue
 
            for comment_tag in comment_tags:
                if value.startswith(comment_tag):
                    translator_comments.append((token.lineno, value.strip()))
                    break
 
        elif token.type == 'multilinecomment':
            # only one multi-line comment may preceed a translation
            translator_comments = []
            value = token.value[2:-2].strip()
            for comment_tag in comment_tags:
                if value.startswith(comment_tag):
                    lines = value.splitlines()
                    if lines:
                        lines[0] = lines[0].strip()
                        lines[1:] = dedent('\n'.join(lines[1:])).splitlines()
                        for offset, line in enumerate(lines):
                            translator_comments.append((token.lineno + offset,
                                                        line))
                    break
 
        elif funcname and call_stack == 0:
            if token.type == 'operator' and token.value == ')':
                if last_argument is not None:
                    messages.append(last_argument)
                if len(messages) > 1:
                    messages = tuple(messages)
                elif messages:
                    messages = messages[0]
                else:
                    messages = None
 
                # Comments don't apply unless they immediately precede the
                # message
                if translator_comments and \
                   translator_comments[-1][0] < message_lineno - 1:
                    translator_comments = []
 
                if messages is not None:
                    yield (message_lineno, funcname, messages,
                           [comment[1] for comment in translator_comments])
 
                funcname = message_lineno = last_argument = None
                concatenate_next = False
                translator_comments = []
                messages = []
                call_stack = -1
 
            elif token.type == 'string':
                new_value = unquote_string(token.value)
                if concatenate_next:
                    last_argument = (last_argument or '') + new_value
                    concatenate_next = False
                else:
                    last_argument = new_value
 
            elif token.type == 'operator':
                if token.value == ',':
                    if last_argument is not None:
                        messages.append(last_argument)
                        last_argument = None
                    else:
                        messages.append(None)
                    concatenate_next = False
                elif token.value == '+':
                    concatenate_next = True
 
        elif call_stack > 0 and token.type == 'operator' \
             and token.value == ')':
            call_stack -= 1
 
        elif funcname and call_stack == -1:
            funcname = None
 
        elif call_stack == -1 and token.type == 'name' and \
             token.value in keywords and \
             (last_token is None or last_token.type != 'name' or
              last_token.value != 'function'):
            funcname = token.value
 
        last_token = token