"""Integration with Python standard library module urllib2: OpenerDirector
class.
 
Copyright 2004-2006 John J Lee <jjl@pobox.com>
 
This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the BSD or ZPL 2.1 licenses (see the file
COPYING.txt included with the distribution).
 
"""
 
import os, urllib2, bisect, httplib, types, tempfile
try:
    import threading as _threading
except ImportError:
    import dummy_threading as _threading
try:
    set
except NameError:
    import sets
    set = sets.Set
 
import _file
import _http
from _request import Request
import _response
import _rfc3986
import _sockettimeout
import _upgrade
from _util import isstringlike
 
 
class ContentTooShortError(urllib2.URLError):
    def __init__(self, reason, result):
        urllib2.URLError.__init__(self, reason)
        self.result = result
 
 
def set_request_attr(req, name, value, default):
    try:
        getattr(req, name)
    except AttributeError:
        setattr(req, name, default)
    if value is not default:
        setattr(req, name, value)
 
 
class OpenerDirector(urllib2.OpenerDirector):
    def __init__(self):
        urllib2.OpenerDirector.__init__(self)
        # really none of these are (sanely) public -- the lack of initial
        # underscore on some is just due to following urllib2
        self.process_response = {}
        self.process_request = {}
        self._any_request = {}
        self._any_response = {}
        self._handler_index_valid = True
        self._tempfiles = []
 
    def add_handler(self, handler):
        if handler in self.handlers:
            return
        # XXX why does self.handlers need to be sorted?
        bisect.insort(self.handlers, handler)
        handler.add_parent(self)
        self._handler_index_valid = False
 
    def _maybe_reindex_handlers(self):
        if self._handler_index_valid:
            return
 
        handle_error = {}
        handle_open = {}
        process_request = {}
        process_response = {}
        any_request = set()
        any_response = set()
        unwanted = []
 
        for handler in self.handlers:
            added = False
            for meth in dir(handler):
                if meth in ["redirect_request", "do_open", "proxy_open"]:
                    # oops, coincidental match
                    continue
 
                if meth == "any_request":
                    any_request.add(handler)
                    added = True
                    continue
                elif meth == "any_response":
                    any_response.add(handler)
                    added = True
                    continue
 
                ii = meth.find("_")
                scheme = meth[:ii]
                condition = meth[ii+1:]
 
                if condition.startswith("error"):
                    jj = meth[ii+1:].find("_") + ii + 1
                    kind = meth[jj+1:]
                    try:
                        kind = int(kind)
                    except ValueError:
                        pass
                    lookup = handle_error.setdefault(scheme, {})
                elif condition == "open":
                    kind = scheme
                    lookup = handle_open
                elif condition == "request":
                    kind = scheme
                    lookup = process_request
                elif condition == "response":
                    kind = scheme
                    lookup = process_response
                else:
                    continue
 
                lookup.setdefault(kind, set()).add(handler)
                added = True
 
            if not added:
                unwanted.append(handler)
 
        for handler in unwanted:
            self.handlers.remove(handler)
 
        # sort indexed methods
        # XXX could be cleaned up
        for lookup in [process_request, process_response]:
            for scheme, handlers in lookup.iteritems():
                lookup[scheme] = handlers
        for scheme, lookup in handle_error.iteritems():
            for code, handlers in lookup.iteritems():
                handlers = list(handlers)
                handlers.sort()
                lookup[code] = handlers
        for scheme, handlers in handle_open.iteritems():
            handlers = list(handlers)
            handlers.sort()
            handle_open[scheme] = handlers
 
        # cache the indexes
        self.handle_error = handle_error
        self.handle_open = handle_open
        self.process_request = process_request
        self.process_response = process_response
        self._any_request = any_request
        self._any_response = any_response
 
    def _request(self, url_or_req, data, visit,
                 timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
        if isstringlike(url_or_req):
            req = Request(url_or_req, data, visit=visit, timeout=timeout)
        else:
            # already a urllib2.Request or mechanize.Request instance
            req = url_or_req
            if data is not None:
                req.add_data(data)
            # XXX yuck
            set_request_attr(req, "visit", visit, None)
            set_request_attr(req, "timeout", timeout,
                             _sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT)
        return req
 
    def open(self, fullurl, data=None,
             timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
        req = self._request(fullurl, data, None, timeout)
        req_scheme = req.get_type()
 
        self._maybe_reindex_handlers()
 
        # pre-process request
        # XXX should we allow a Processor to change the URL scheme
        #   of the request?
        request_processors = set(self.process_request.get(req_scheme, []))
        request_processors.update(self._any_request)
        request_processors = list(request_processors)
        request_processors.sort()
        for processor in request_processors:
            for meth_name in ["any_request", req_scheme+"_request"]:
                meth = getattr(processor, meth_name, None)
                if meth:
                    req = meth(req)
 
        # In Python >= 2.4, .open() supports processors already, so we must
        # call ._open() instead.
        urlopen = getattr(urllib2.OpenerDirector, "_open",
                          urllib2.OpenerDirector.open)
        response = urlopen(self, req, data)
 
        # post-process response
        response_processors = set(self.process_response.get(req_scheme, []))
        response_processors.update(self._any_response)
        response_processors = list(response_processors)
        response_processors.sort()
        for processor in response_processors:
            for meth_name in ["any_response", req_scheme+"_response"]:
                meth = getattr(processor, meth_name, None)
                if meth:
                    response = meth(req, response)
 
        return response
 
    def error(self, proto, *args):
        if proto in ['http', 'https']:
            # XXX http[s] protocols are special-cased
            dict = self.handle_error['http'] # https is not different than http
            proto = args[2]  # YUCK!
            meth_name = 'http_error_%s' % proto
            http_err = 1
            orig_args = args
        else:
            dict = self.handle_error
            meth_name = proto + '_error'
            http_err = 0
        args = (dict, proto, meth_name) + args
        result = apply(self._call_chain, args)
        if result:
            return result
 
        if http_err:
            args = (dict, 'default', 'http_error_default') + orig_args
            return apply(self._call_chain, args)
 
    BLOCK_SIZE = 1024*8
    def retrieve(self, fullurl, filename=None, reporthook=None, data=None,
                 timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
        """Returns (filename, headers).
 
        For remote objects, the default filename will refer to a temporary
        file.  Temporary files are removed when the OpenerDirector.close()
        method is called.
 
        For file: URLs, at present the returned filename is None.  This may
        change in future.
 
        If the actual number of bytes read is less than indicated by the
        Content-Length header, raises ContentTooShortError (a URLError
        subclass).  The exception's .result attribute contains the (filename,
        headers) that would have been returned.
 
        """
        req = self._request(fullurl, data, False, timeout)
        scheme = req.get_type()
        fp = self.open(req)
        headers = fp.info()
        if filename is None and scheme == 'file':
            # XXX req.get_selector() seems broken here, return None,
            #   pending sanity :-/
            return None, headers
            #return urllib.url2pathname(req.get_selector()), headers
        if filename:
            tfp = open(filename, 'wb')
        else:
            path = _rfc3986.urlsplit(req.get_full_url())[2]
            suffix = os.path.splitext(path)[1]
            fd, filename = tempfile.mkstemp(suffix)
            self._tempfiles.append(filename)
            tfp = os.fdopen(fd, 'wb')
 
        result = filename, headers
        bs = self.BLOCK_SIZE
        size = -1
        read = 0
        blocknum = 0
        if reporthook:
            if "content-length" in headers:
                size = int(headers["Content-Length"])
            reporthook(blocknum, bs, size)
        while 1:
            block = fp.read(bs)
            if block == "":
                break
            read += len(block)
            tfp.write(block)
            blocknum += 1
            if reporthook:
                reporthook(blocknum, bs, size)
        fp.close()
        tfp.close()
        del fp
        del tfp
 
        # raise exception if actual size does not match content-length header
        if size >= 0 and read < size:
            raise ContentTooShortError(
                "retrieval incomplete: "
                "got only %i out of %i bytes" % (read, size),
                result
                )
 
        return result
 
    def close(self):
        urllib2.OpenerDirector.close(self)
 
        # make it very obvious this object is no longer supposed to be used
        self.open = self.error = self.retrieve = self.add_handler = None
 
        if self._tempfiles:
            for filename in self._tempfiles:
                try:
                    os.unlink(filename)
                except OSError:
                    pass
            del self._tempfiles[:]
 
 
def wrapped_open(urlopen, process_response_object, fullurl, data=None,
                 timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
    success = True
    try:
        response = urlopen(fullurl, data, timeout)
    except urllib2.HTTPError, error:
        success = False
        if error.fp is None:  # not a response
            raise
        response = error
 
    if response is not None:
        response = process_response_object(response)
 
    if not success:
        raise response
    return response
 
class ResponseProcessingOpener(OpenerDirector):
 
    def open(self, fullurl, data=None,
             timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
        def bound_open(fullurl, data=None,
                       timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
            return OpenerDirector.open(self, fullurl, data, timeout)
        return wrapped_open(
            bound_open, self.process_response_object, fullurl, data, timeout)
 
    def process_response_object(self, response):
        return response
 
 
class SeekableResponseOpener(ResponseProcessingOpener):
    def process_response_object(self, response):
        return _response.seek_wrapped_response(response)
 
 
class OpenerFactory:
    """This class's interface is quite likely to change."""
 
    default_classes = [
        # handlers
        urllib2.ProxyHandler,
        urllib2.UnknownHandler,
        _http.HTTPHandler,  # derived from new AbstractHTTPHandler
        _http.HTTPDefaultErrorHandler,
        _http.HTTPRedirectHandler,  # bugfixed
        urllib2.FTPHandler,
        _file.FileHandler,
        # processors
        _upgrade.HTTPRequestUpgradeProcessor,
        _http.HTTPCookieProcessor,
        _http.HTTPErrorProcessor,
        ]
    if hasattr(httplib, 'HTTPS'):
        default_classes.append(_http.HTTPSHandler)
    handlers = []
    replacement_handlers = []
 
    def __init__(self, klass=OpenerDirector):
        self.klass = klass
 
    def build_opener(self, *handlers):
        """Create an opener object from a list of handlers and processors.
 
        The opener will use several default handlers and processors, including
        support for HTTP and FTP.
 
        If any of the handlers passed as arguments are subclasses of the
        default handlers, the default handlers will not be used.
 
        """
        opener = self.klass()
        default_classes = list(self.default_classes)
        skip = []
        for klass in default_classes:
            for check in handlers:
                if type(check) == types.ClassType:
                    if issubclass(check, klass):
                        skip.append(klass)
                elif type(check) == types.InstanceType:
                    if isinstance(check, klass):
                        skip.append(klass)
        for klass in skip:
            default_classes.remove(klass)
 
        for klass in default_classes:
            opener.add_handler(klass())
        for h in handlers:
            if type(h) == types.ClassType:
                h = h()
            opener.add_handler(h)
 
        return opener
 
 
build_opener = OpenerFactory().build_opener
 
_opener = None
urlopen_lock = _threading.Lock()
def urlopen(url, data=None, timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
    global _opener
    if _opener is None:
        urlopen_lock.acquire()
        try:
            if _opener is None:
                _opener = build_opener()
        finally:
            urlopen_lock.release()
    return _opener.open(url, data, timeout)
 
def urlretrieve(url, filename=None, reporthook=None, data=None,
                timeout=_sockettimeout._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
    global _opener
    if _opener is None:
        urlopen_lock.acquire()
        try:
            if _opener is None:
                _opener = build_opener()
        finally:
            urlopen_lock.release()
    return _opener.retrieve(url, filename, reporthook, data, timeout)
 
def install_opener(opener):
    global _opener
    _opener = opener