# This extension demonstrates some advanced features of the Python ISAPI
# framework.
# We demonstrate:
# * Reloading your Python module without shutting down IIS (eg, when your
#   .py implementation file changes.)
# * Custom command-line handling - both additional options and commands.
# * Using a query string - any part of the URL after a '?' is assumed to
#   be "variable names" separated by '&' - we will print the values of
#   these server variables.
# * If the tail portion of the URL is "ReportUnhealthy", IIS will be
#   notified we are unhealthy via a HSE_REQ_REPORT_UNHEALTHY request.
#   Whether this is acted upon depends on if the IIS health-checking
#   tools are installed, but you should always see the reason written
#   to the Windows event log - see the IIS documentation for more.
from isapi import isapicon
from isapi.simple import SimpleExtension
import sys, os, stat
if hasattr(sys, "isapidllhandle"):
    import win32traceutil
# Notes on reloading
# If your HttpFilterProc or HttpExtensionProc functions raises
# 'isapi.InternalReloadException', the framework will not treat it
# as an error but instead will terminate your extension, reload your
# extension module, re-initialize the instance, and re-issue the request.
# The Initialize functions are called with None as their param.  The
# return code from the terminate function is ignored.
# This is all the framework does to help you.  It is up to your code
# when you raise this exception.  This sample uses a Win32 "find 
# notification".  Whenever windows tells us one of the files in the 
# directory has changed, we check if the time of our source-file has 
# changed, and set a flag.  Next imcoming request, we check the flag and
# raise the special exception if set.
# The end result is that the module is automatically reloaded whenever
# the source-file changes - you need take no further action to see your
# changes reflected in the running server.
# The framework only reloads your module - if you have libraries you
# depend on and also want reloaded, you must arrange for this yourself.
# One way of doing this would be to special case the import of these
# modules.  Eg:
# --
# try:
#    my_module = reload(my_module) # module already imported - reload it
# except NameError:
#    import my_module # first time around - import it.
# --
# When your module is imported for the first time, the NameError will
# be raised, and the module imported.  When the ISAPI framework reloads
# your module, the existing module will avoid the NameError, and allow
# you to reload that module.
from isapi import InternalReloadException
import win32event, win32file, winerror, win32con, threading
    reload_counter += 1
except NameError:
    reload_counter = 0
# A watcher thread that checks for __file__ changing.
# When it detects it, it simply sets "change_detected" to true.
class ReloadWatcherThread(threading.Thread):
    def __init__(self):
        self.change_detected = False
        self.filename = __file__
        if self.filename.endswith("c") or self.filename.endswith("o"):
            self.filename = self.filename[:-1]
        self.handle = win32file.FindFirstChangeNotification(
                        False, # watch tree?
    def run(self):
        last_time = os.stat(self.filename)[stat.ST_MTIME]
        while 1:
                rc = win32event.WaitForSingleObject(self.handle, 
            except win32event.error, details:
                # handle closed - thread should terminate.
                if details[0] != winerror.ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE:
            this_time = os.stat(self.filename)[stat.ST_MTIME]
            if this_time != last_time:
                print "Detected file change - flagging for reload."
                self.change_detected = True
                last_time = this_time
    def stop(self):
# The ISAPI extension - handles requests in our virtual dir, and sends the
# response to the client.
class Extension(SimpleExtension):
    "Python advanced sample Extension"
    def __init__(self):
        self.reload_watcher = ReloadWatcherThread()
    def HttpExtensionProc(self, ecb):
        # NOTE: If you use a ThreadPoolExtension, you must still perform
        # this check in HttpExtensionProc - raising the exception from
        # The "Dispatch" method will just cause the exception to be
        # rendered to the browser.
        if self.reload_watcher.change_detected:
            print "Doing reload"
            raise InternalReloadException
        url = ecb.GetServerVariable("URL")
        if url.endswith("ReportUnhealthy"):
            ecb.ReportUnhealthy("I'm a little sick")
        ecb.SendResponseHeaders("200 OK", "Content-Type: text/html\r\n\r\n", 0)
        print >> ecb, "<HTML><BODY>"
        qs = ecb.GetServerVariable("QUERY_STRING")
        if qs:
            queries = qs.split("&")
            print >> ecb, "<PRE>"
            for q in queries:
                val = ecb.GetServerVariable(q, '&lt;no such variable&gt;')
                print >> ecb, "%s=%r" % (q, val)
            print >> ecb, "</PRE><P/>"
        print >> ecb, "This module has been imported"
        print >> ecb, "%d times" % (reload_counter,)
        print >> ecb, "</BODY></HTML>"
        return isapicon.HSE_STATUS_SUCCESS
    def TerminateExtension(self, status):
# The entry points for the ISAPI extension.
def __ExtensionFactory__():
    return Extension()
# Our special command line customization.
# Pre-install hook for our virtual directory.
def PreInstallDirectory(params, options):
    # If the user used our special '--description' option,
    # then we override our default.
    if options.description:
        params.Description = options.description
# Post install hook for our entire script
def PostInstall(params, options):
    print "The sample has been installed."
    print "Point your browser to /AdvancedPythonSample"
    print "If you modify the source file and reload the page,"
    print "you should see the reload counter increment"
# Handler for our custom 'status' argument.
def status_handler(options, log, arg):
    "Query the status of something"
    print "Everything seems to be fine!"
custom_arg_handlers = {"status": status_handler}
if __name__=='__main__':
    # If run from the command-line, install ourselves.
    from isapi.install import *
    params = ISAPIParameters(PostInstall = PostInstall)
    # Setup the virtual directories - this is a list of directories our
    # extension uses - in this case only 1.
    # Each extension has a "script map" - this is the mapping of ISAPI
    # extensions.
    sm = [
        ScriptMapParams(Extension="*", Flags=0)
    vd = VirtualDirParameters(Name="AdvancedPythonSample",
                              Description = Extension.__doc__,
                              ScriptMaps = sm,
                              ScriptMapUpdate = "replace",
                              # specify the pre-install hook.
                              PreInstall = PreInstallDirectory
    params.VirtualDirs = [vd]
    # Setup our custom option parser.
    from optparse import OptionParser
    parser = OptionParser('') # blank usage, so isapi sets it.
    parser.add_option("", "--description",
                      help="custom description to use for the virtual directory")
    HandleCommandLine(params, opt_parser=parser, 
                              custom_arg_handlers = custom_arg_handlers)