# Copyright (c) The PyAMF Project.
# See LICENSE.txt for details.
 
"""
Shell example.
 
@since: 0.3
"""
 
import sys, logging, types, new
import traceback, pickle
import StringIO
 
import pyamf
from pyamf.remoting.gateway.django import DjangoGateway
 
 
# Types that can't be pickled.
UNPICKLABLE_TYPES = (
  types.ModuleType,
  types.TypeType,
  types.ClassType,
  types.FunctionType,
)
 
# Unpicklable statements to seed new sessions with.
INITIAL_UNPICKLABLES = [
  'import logging',
  'import os',
  'import sys'
  ]
 
 
class ShellSession(object):
  global_names = []
  globals = []
  unpicklable_names = []
  unpicklables = []
 
  def set_global(self, name, value):
    """Adds a global, or updates it if it already exists.
 
    Also removes the global from the list of unpicklable names.
 
    Args:
      name: the name of the global to remove
      value: any picklable value
    """
    blob = pickle.dumps(value)
 
    if name in self.global_names:
      index = self.global_names.index(name)
      self.globals[index] = blob
    else:
      self.global_names.append(name)
      self.globals.append(blob)
 
    self.remove_unpicklable_name(name)
 
  def remove_global(self, name):
    """Removes a global, if it exists.
 
    Args:
      name: string, the name of the global to remove
    """
    if name in self.global_names:
      index = self.global_names.index(name)
      del self.global_names[index]
      del self.globals[index]
 
  def globals_dict(self):
    """Returns a dictionary view of the globals.
    """
    return dict((name, pickle.loads(val))
                for name, val in zip(self.global_names, self.globals))
 
  def add_unpicklable(self, statement, names):
    """Adds a statement and list of names to the unpicklables.
 
    Also removes the names from the globals.
 
    Args:
      statement: string, the statement that created new unpicklable global(s).
      names: list of strings; the names of the globals created by the statement.
    """
    self.unpicklables.append(statement)
 
    for name in names:
      self.remove_global(name)
      if name not in self.unpicklable_names:
        self.unpicklable_names.append(name)
 
  def remove_unpicklable_name(self, name):
    """Removes a name from the list of unpicklable names, if it exists.
 
    Args:
      name: string, the name of the unpicklable global to remove
    """
    if name in self.unpicklable_names:
      self.unpicklable_names.remove(name)
 
class ShellService:
  def _evalCode(self, statement, session):
    if not statement:
      return
 
    # add a couple newlines at the end of the statement. this makes
    # single-line expressions such as 'class Foo: pass' evaluate happily.
    statement += '\n\n'
 
    # log and compile the statement up front
    logging.info('Compiling and evaluating:\n%r' % statement)
    compiled = compile(statement, '<string>', 'single')
 
    # create a dedicated module to be used as this statement's __main__
    statement_module = new.module('__main__')
 
    # use this request's __builtin__, since it changes on each request.
    # this is needed for import statements, among other things.
    import __builtin__
    statement_module.__builtins__ = __builtin__
 
    # swap in our custom module for __main__. then unpickle the session
    # globals, run the statement, and re-pickle the session globals, all
    # inside it.
    old_main = sys.modules.get('__main__')
    try:
      sys.modules['__main__'] = statement_module
      statement_module.__name__ = '__main__'
 
      # re-evaluate the unpicklables
      for code in session.unpicklables:
        exec code in statement_module.__dict__
 
      # re-initialize the globals
      for name, val in session.globals_dict().items():
        try:
          statement_module.__dict__[name] = val
        except:
          msg = 'Dropping %s since it could not be unpickled.\n' % name
          logging.warning(msg + traceback.format_exc())
          session.remove_global(name)
          buffer.write(msg)
 
      # run!
      old_globals = dict(statement_module.__dict__)
      exec compiled in statement_module.__dict__
 
      # extract the new globals that this statement added
      new_globals = {}
      for name, val in statement_module.__dict__.items():
        if name not in old_globals or val != old_globals[name]:
          new_globals[name] = val
 
      if True in [isinstance(val, UNPICKLABLE_TYPES)
                  for val in new_globals.values()]:
        # this statement added an unpicklable global. store the statement and
        # the names of all of the globals it added in the unpicklables.
        session.add_unpicklable(statement, new_globals.keys())
        logging.debug('Storing this statement as an unpicklable.')
 
      else:
        # this statement didn't add any unpicklables. pickle and store the
        # new globals back into the datastore.
        for name, val in new_globals.items():
          if not name.startswith('__'):
            session.set_global(name, val)
 
    finally:
      sys.modules['__main__'] = old_main
 
  def evalCode(self, request, statement):
    statement = statement.strip().replace('\r\n', '\n').replace('\r', '\n')
    buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
 
    try:
        session = request.session['shell_session']
    except KeyError:
        session = request.session['shell_session'] = ShellSession()
 
    try:
      old_stdout = sys.stdout
      old_stderr = sys.stderr
      try:
        sys.stdout = buffer
        sys.stderr = buffer
 
        self._evalCode(statement, session)
      finally:
        sys.stdout = old_stdout
        sys.stderr = old_stderr
    except:
      buffer.write(traceback.format_exc())
 
    return buffer.getvalue()
 
  def startup(self, request):
    pyamf_version = '.'.join([str(x) for x in pyamf.__version__])
 
    header = 'Welcome to the PyAMF %s Shell Demo!\n' \
           'Python %s on %s\n' \
           'Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.' % \
           (pyamf_version, sys.version, sys.platform)
 
    return header
 
 
services = {
    'shell': ShellService()
}
 
gateway = DjangoGateway(services)