# Video file reader, using QuickTime
#
# This module was quickly ripped out of another software package, so there is a good
# chance that it does not work as-is and it needs some hacking.
#
# Jack Jansen, August 2000
#
import sys
from Carbon import Qt
from Carbon import QuickTime
from Carbon import Qd
from Carbon import Qdoffs
from Carbon import QDOffscreen
from Carbon import Res
try:
    import MediaDescr
except ImportError:
    def _audiodescr(data):
        return None
else:
    def _audiodescr(data):
        return MediaDescr.SoundDescription.decode(data)
try:
    from imgformat import macrgb
except ImportError:
    macrgb = "Macintosh RGB format"
import os
# import audio.format
 
class VideoFormat:
    def __init__(self, name, descr, width, height, format):
        self.__name = name
        self.__descr = descr
        self.__width = width
        self.__height = height
        self.__format = format
 
    def getname(self):
        return self.__name
 
    def getdescr(self):
        return self.__descr
 
    def getsize(self):
        return self.__width, self.__height
 
    def getformat(self):
        return self.__format
 
class _Reader:
    def __init__(self, path):
        fd = Qt.OpenMovieFile(path, 0)
        self.movie, d1, d2 = Qt.NewMovieFromFile(fd, 0, 0)
        self.movietimescale = self.movie.GetMovieTimeScale()
        try:
            self.audiotrack = self.movie.GetMovieIndTrackType(1,
                QuickTime.AudioMediaCharacteristic, QuickTime.movieTrackCharacteristic)
            self.audiomedia = self.audiotrack.GetTrackMedia()
        except Qt.Error:
            self.audiotrack = self.audiomedia = None
            self.audiodescr = {}
        else:
            handle = Res.Handle('')
            n = self.audiomedia.GetMediaSampleDescriptionCount()
            self.audiomedia.GetMediaSampleDescription(1, handle)
            self.audiodescr = _audiodescr(handle.data)
            self.audiotimescale = self.audiomedia.GetMediaTimeScale()
            del handle
 
        try:
            self.videotrack = self.movie.GetMovieIndTrackType(1,
                QuickTime.VisualMediaCharacteristic, QuickTime.movieTrackCharacteristic)
            self.videomedia = self.videotrack.GetTrackMedia()
        except Qt.Error:
            self.videotrack = self.videomedia = self.videotimescale = None
        if self.videotrack:
            self.videotimescale = self.videomedia.GetMediaTimeScale()
            x0, y0, x1, y1 = self.movie.GetMovieBox()
            self.videodescr = {'width':(x1-x0), 'height':(y1-y0)}
            self._initgworld()
        self.videocurtime = None
        self.audiocurtime = None
 
 
    def __del__(self):
        self.audiomedia = None
        self.audiotrack = None
        self.videomedia = None
        self.videotrack = None
        self.movie = None
 
    def _initgworld(self):
        old_port, old_dev = Qdoffs.GetGWorld()
        try:
            movie_w = self.videodescr['width']
            movie_h = self.videodescr['height']
            movie_rect = (0, 0, movie_w, movie_h)
            self.gworld = Qdoffs.NewGWorld(32,  movie_rect, None, None, QDOffscreen.keepLocal)
            self.pixmap = self.gworld.GetGWorldPixMap()
            Qdoffs.LockPixels(self.pixmap)
            Qdoffs.SetGWorld(self.gworld.as_GrafPtr(), None)
            Qd.EraseRect(movie_rect)
            self.movie.SetMovieGWorld(self.gworld.as_GrafPtr(), None)
            self.movie.SetMovieBox(movie_rect)
            self.movie.SetMovieActive(1)
            self.movie.MoviesTask(0)
            self.movie.SetMoviePlayHints(QuickTime.hintsHighQuality, QuickTime.hintsHighQuality)
            # XXXX framerate
        finally:
            Qdoffs.SetGWorld(old_port, old_dev)
 
    def _gettrackduration_ms(self, track):
        tracktime = track.GetTrackDuration()
        return self._movietime_to_ms(tracktime)
 
    def _movietime_to_ms(self, time):
        value, d1, d2 = Qt.ConvertTimeScale((time, self.movietimescale, None), 1000)
        return value
 
    def _videotime_to_ms(self, time):
        value, d1, d2 = Qt.ConvertTimeScale((time, self.videotimescale, None), 1000)
        return value
 
    def _audiotime_to_ms(self, time):
        value, d1, d2 = Qt.ConvertTimeScale((time, self.audiotimescale, None), 1000)
        return value
 
    def _videotime_to_movietime(self, time):
        value, d1, d2 = Qt.ConvertTimeScale((time, self.videotimescale, None),
                self.movietimescale)
        return value
 
    def HasAudio(self):
        return not self.audiotrack is None
 
    def HasVideo(self):
        return not self.videotrack is None
 
    def GetAudioDuration(self):
        if not self.audiotrack:
            return 0
        return self._gettrackduration_ms(self.audiotrack)
 
    def GetVideoDuration(self):
        if not self.videotrack:
            return 0
        return self._gettrackduration_ms(self.videotrack)
 
    def GetAudioFormat(self):
        if not self.audiodescr:
            return None, None, None, None, None
        bps = self.audiodescr['sampleSize']
        nch = self.audiodescr['numChannels']
        if nch == 1:
            channels = ['mono']
        elif nch == 2:
            channels = ['left', 'right']
        else:
            channels = map(lambda x: str(x+1), range(nch))
        if bps % 8:
            # Funny bits-per sample. We pretend not to understand
            blocksize = 0
            fpb = 0
        else:
            # QuickTime is easy (for as far as we support it): samples are always a whole
            # number of bytes, so frames are nchannels*samplesize, and there's one frame per block.
            blocksize = (bps/8)*nch
            fpb = 1
        if self.audiodescr['dataFormat'] == 'raw ':
            encoding = 'linear-excess'
        elif self.audiodescr['dataFormat'] == 'twos':
            encoding = 'linear-signed'
        else:
            encoding = 'quicktime-coding-%s'%self.audiodescr['dataFormat']
##      return audio.format.AudioFormatLinear('quicktime_audio', 'QuickTime Audio Format',
##          channels, encoding, blocksize=blocksize, fpb=fpb, bps=bps)
        return channels, encoding, blocksize, fpb, bps
 
    def GetAudioFrameRate(self):
        if not self.audiodescr:
            return None
        return int(self.audiodescr['sampleRate'])
 
    def GetVideoFormat(self):
        width = self.videodescr['width']
        height = self.videodescr['height']
        return VideoFormat('dummy_format', 'Dummy Video Format', width, height, macrgb)
 
    def GetVideoFrameRate(self):
        tv = self.videocurtime
        if tv == None:
            tv = 0
        flags = QuickTime.nextTimeStep|QuickTime.nextTimeEdgeOK
        tv, dur = self.videomedia.GetMediaNextInterestingTime(flags, tv, 1.0)
        dur = self._videotime_to_ms(dur)
        return int((1000.0/dur)+0.5)
 
    def ReadAudio(self, nframes, time=None):
        if not time is None:
            self.audiocurtime = time
        flags = QuickTime.nextTimeStep|QuickTime.nextTimeEdgeOK
        if self.audiocurtime == None:
            self.audiocurtime = 0
        tv = self.audiomedia.GetMediaNextInterestingTimeOnly(flags, self.audiocurtime, 1.0)
        if tv < 0 or (self.audiocurtime and tv < self.audiocurtime):
            return self._audiotime_to_ms(self.audiocurtime), None
        h = Res.Handle('')
        desc_h = Res.Handle('')
        size, actualtime, sampleduration, desc_index, actualcount, flags = \
            self.audiomedia.GetMediaSample(h, 0, tv, desc_h, nframes)
        self.audiocurtime = actualtime + actualcount*sampleduration
        return self._audiotime_to_ms(actualtime), h.data
 
    def ReadVideo(self, time=None):
        if not time is None:
            self.videocurtime = time
        flags = QuickTime.nextTimeStep
        if self.videocurtime == None:
            flags = flags | QuickTime.nextTimeEdgeOK
            self.videocurtime = 0
        tv = self.videomedia.GetMediaNextInterestingTimeOnly(flags, self.videocurtime, 1.0)
        if tv < 0 or (self.videocurtime and tv <= self.videocurtime):
            return self._videotime_to_ms(self.videocurtime), None
        self.videocurtime = tv
        moviecurtime = self._videotime_to_movietime(self.videocurtime)
        self.movie.SetMovieTimeValue(moviecurtime)
        self.movie.MoviesTask(0)
        return self._videotime_to_ms(self.videocurtime), self._getpixmapcontent()
 
    def _getpixmapcontent(self):
        """Shuffle the offscreen PixMap data, because it may have funny stride values"""
        rowbytes = Qdoffs.GetPixRowBytes(self.pixmap)
        width = self.videodescr['width']
        height = self.videodescr['height']
        start = 0
        rv = ''
        for i in range(height):
            nextline = Qdoffs.GetPixMapBytes(self.pixmap, start, width*4)
            start = start + rowbytes
            rv = rv + nextline
        return rv
 
def reader(url):
    try:
        rdr = _Reader(url)
    except IOError:
        return None
    return rdr
 
def _test():
    import EasyDialogs
    try:
        import img
    except ImportError:
        img = None
    import MacOS
    Qt.EnterMovies()
    path = EasyDialogs.AskFileForOpen(message='Video to convert')
    if not path: sys.exit(0)
    rdr = reader(path)
    if not rdr:
        sys.exit(1)
    dstdir = EasyDialogs.AskFileForSave(message='Name for output folder')
    if not dstdir: sys.exit(0)
    num = 0
    os.mkdir(dstdir)
    videofmt = rdr.GetVideoFormat()
    imgfmt = videofmt.getformat()
    imgw, imgh = videofmt.getsize()
    timestamp, data = rdr.ReadVideo()
    while data:
        fname = 'frame%04.4d.jpg'%num
        num = num+1
        pname = os.path.join(dstdir, fname)
        if not img: print 'Not',
        print 'Writing %s, size %dx%d, %d bytes'%(fname, imgw, imgh, len(data))
        if img:
            wrt = img.writer(imgfmt, pname)
            wrt.width = imgw
            wrt.height = imgh
            wrt.write(data)
            timestamp, data = rdr.ReadVideo()
            MacOS.SetCreatorAndType(pname, 'ogle', 'JPEG')
            if num > 20:
                print 'stopping at 20 frames so your disk does not fill up:-)'
                break
    print 'Total frames:', num
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
    _test()
    sys.exit(1)