#  Copyright 2008-2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks
#
#  Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
#  you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
#  You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
#  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
#  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
#  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
#  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
#  limitations under the License.
 
from __future__ import with_statement
from contextlib import contextmanager
import telnetlib
import time
import re
import inspect
import struct
 
 
try:
    import pyte
except ImportError:
    pyte = None
 
from robot.api import logger
from robot.version import get_version
from robot import utils
 
 
class Telnet:
    """A test library providing communication over Telnet connections.
 
    `Telnet` is Robot Framework's standard library that makes it possible to
    connect to Telnet servers and execute commands on the opened connections.
 
    == Table of contents ==
 
    - `Connections`
    - `Writing and reading`
    - `Configuration`
    - `Terminal emulation`
    - `Logging`
    - `Time string format`
    - `Importing`
    - `Shortcuts`
    - `Keywords`
 
    = Connections =
 
    The first step of using `Telnet` is opening a connection with `Open
    Connection` keyword. Typically the next step is logging in with `Login`
    keyword, and in the end the opened connection can be closed with `Close
    Connection`.
 
    It is possible to open multiple connections and switch the active one
    using `Switch Connection`. `Close All Connections` can be used to close
    all the connections, which is especially useful in suite teardowns to
    guarantee that all connections are always closed.
 
    = Writing and reading =
 
    After opening a connection and possibly logging in, commands can be
    executed or text written to the connection for other reasons using `Write`
    and `Write Bare` keywords. The main difference between these two is that
    the former adds a [#Configuration|configurable newline] after the text
    automatically.
 
    After writing something to the connection, the resulting output can be
    read using `Read`, `Read Until`, `Read Until Regexp`, and `Read Until
    Prompt` keywords. Which one to use depends on the context, but the latest
    one is often the most convenient.
 
    As a convenience when running a command, it is possible to use `Execute
    Command` that simply uses `Write` and `Read Until Prompt` internally.
    `Write Until Expected Output` is useful if you need to wait until writing
    something produces a desired output.
 
    Written and read text is automatically encoded/decoded using a
    [#Configuration|configured encoding].
 
    The ANSI escape codes, like cursor movement and color codes, are
    normally returned as part of the read operation. If an escape code occurs
    in middle of a search pattern it may also prevent finding the searched
    string. `Terminal emulation` can be used to process these
    escape codes as they would be if a real terminal would be in use.
 
    = Configuration =
 
    Many aspects related the connections can be easily configured either
    globally or per connection basis. Global configuration is done when
    [#Importing|library is imported], and these values can be overridden per
    connection by `Open Connection` or with setting specific keywords
    `Set Timeout`, `Set Newline`, `Set Prompt`, `Set Encoding`, and
    `Set Default Log Level`
 
    Values of `environ_user`, `window_size`, `terminal_emulation`, and
    `terminal_type` can not be changed after opening the connection.
 
    == Timeout ==
 
    Timeout defines how long is the maximum time to wait when reading
    output. It is used internally by `Read Until`, `Read Until Regexp`,
    `Read Until Prompt`, and `Login` keywords. The default value is 3 seconds.
 
    == Newline ==
 
    Newline defines which line separator `Write` keyword should use. The
    default value is `CRLF` that is typically used by Telnet connections.
 
    Newline can be given either in escaped format using '\\n' and '\\r' or
    with special 'LF' and 'CR' syntax.
 
    Examples:
    | `Set Newline` | \\n  |
    | `Set Newline` | CRLF |
 
    == Prompt ==
 
    Often the easiest way to read the output of a command is reading all
    the output until the next prompt with `Read Until Prompt`. It also makes
    it easier, and faster, to verify did `Login` succeed.
 
    Prompt can be specified either as a normal string or a regular expression.
    The latter is especially useful if the prompt changes as a result of
    the executed commands.
 
    == Encoding ==
 
    To ease handling text containing non-ASCII characters, all written text is
    encoded and read text decoded by default. The default encoding is UTF-8
    that works also with ASCII. Encoding can be disabled by using a special
    encoding value `NONE`. This is mainly useful if you need to get the bytes
    received from the connection as-is.
 
    Notice that when writing to the connection, only Unicode strings are
    encoded using the defined encoding. Byte strings are expected to be already
    encoded correctly. Notice also that normal text in test data is passed to
    the library as Unicode and you need to use variables to use bytes.
 
    It is also possible to configure the error handler to use if encoding or
    decoding characters fails. Accepted values are the same that encode/decode
    functions in Python strings accept. In practice the following values are
    the most useful:
 
    - `ignore`: ignore characters that cannot be encoded (default)
    - `strict`: fail if characters cannot be encoded
    - `replace`: replace characters that cannot be encoded with a replacement
      character
 
    Examples:
    | `Open Connection` | lolcathost | encoding=Latin1 | encoding_errors=strict |
    | `Set Encoding` | ISO-8859-15 |
    | `Set Encoding` | errors=ignore |
 
    Using UTF-8 encoding by default and being able to configure the encoding
    are new features in Robot Framework 2.7.6. In earlier versions only ASCII
    was supported and encoding errors were silently ignored. Robot Framework
    2.7.7 added a possibility to specify the error handler, changed the
    default behavior back to ignoring encoding errors, and added the
    possibility to disable encoding.
 
    == Default log level ==
 
    Default log level specifies the log level keywords use for `logging` unless
    they are given an explicit log level. The default value is `INFO`, and
    changing it, for example, to `DEBUG` can be a good idea if there is lot
    of unnecessary output that makes log files big.
 
    Configuring default log level in `importing` and with `Open Connection`
    are new features in Robot Framework 2.7.6. In earlier versions only
    `Set Default Log Level` could be used.
 
    == Terminal type ==
 
    By default the Telnet library does not negotiate any specific terminal type
    with the server. If a specific terminal type, for example `vt100`, is desired,
    the terminal type can be configured in `importing` and with
    `Open Connection`.
 
    New in Robot Framework 2.8.2.
 
    == Window size ==
 
    Window size for negotiation with the server can be configured when
    `importing` the library and with `Open Connection`.
 
    New in Robot Framework 2.8.2.
 
    == USER environment variable ==
 
    Telnet protocol allows the `USER` environment variable to be sent when
    connecting to the server. On some servers it may happen that there is no
    login prompt, and on those cases this configuration option will allow still
    to define the desired username. The option `environ_user` can be used in
    `importing` and with `Open Connection`.
 
    New in Robot Framework 2.8.2.
 
    = Terminal emulation =
 
    Starting from Robot Framework 2.8.2, Telnet library supports terminal
    emulation with [https://github.com/selectel/pyte|Pyte]. Terminal emulation
    will process the output in a virtual screen. This means that ANSI escape
    codes, like cursor movements, and also control characters, like
    carriage returns and backspaces, have the same effect on the result as they
    would have on a normal terminal screen. For example the sequence
    'acdc\\x1b[3Dbba' will result in output 'abba'.
 
    Terminal emulation is taken into use with option terminal_emulation=True,
    either in the library initialization, or as a option to `Open Connection`.
 
    As Pyte approximates vt-style terminal, you may also want to set the
    terminal type as `vt100`. We also recommend that you increase the window
    size, as the terminal emulation will break all lines that are longer than
    the window row length.
 
    When terminal emulation is used, the `newline` and `encoding` can not be
    changed anymore after opening the connection.
 
    As a prequisite for using terminal emulation you need to have [https://github.com/selectel/pyte|Pyte]
    installed. This is easiest done with [http://pip-installer.org|pip] by
    running `pip install pyte`.
 
    Examples:
    | `Open Connection` | lolcathost | terminal_emulation=True | terminal_type=vt100 | window_size=400x100 |
 
    = Logging =
 
    All keywords that read something log the output. These keywords take the
    log level to use as an optional argument, and if no log level is specified
    they use the [#Configuration|configured] default value.
 
    The valid log levels to use are `TRACE`, `DEBUG`, `INFO` (default), and
    `WARN`. Levels below `INFO` are not shown in log files by default whereas
    warnings are shown more prominently.
 
    The [http://docs.python.org/2/library/telnetlib.html|telnetlib module]
    used by this library has a custom logging system for logging content it
    sends and receives. Starting from Robot Framework 2.7.7, these low level
    log messages are forwarded to Robot's log file using `TRACE` level.
 
    = Time string format =
 
    Timeouts and other times used must be given as a time string using format
    in format like '15 seconds' or '1min 10s'. If the timeout is given as
    just a number, for example, '10' or '1.5', it is considered to be seconds.
    The time string format is described in more detail in an appendix of
    [http://code.google.com/p/robotframework/wiki/UserGuide|Robot Framework User Guide].
    """
    ROBOT_LIBRARY_SCOPE = 'TEST_SUITE'
    ROBOT_LIBRARY_VERSION = get_version()
 
    def __init__(self, timeout='3 seconds', newline='CRLF',
                 prompt=None, prompt_is_regexp=False,
                 encoding='UTF-8', encoding_errors='ignore',
                 default_log_level='INFO', window_size=None,
                 environ_user=None, terminal_emulation=False,
                 terminal_type=None):
        """Telnet library can be imported with optional configuration parameters.
 
        Configuration parameters are used as default values when new
        connections are opened with `Open Connection` keyword. They can also be
        overridden after opening the connection using the `Set Timeout`,
        `Set Newline`, `Set Prompt`, `Set Encoding`, and `Set Default Log Level`
        keywords. See these keywords as well as `Configuration` and
        `Terminal emulation` sections above for more information about these
        parameters and their possible values.
 
        Examples (use only one of these):
 
        | *Setting* | *Value* | *Value* | *Value* | *Value* | *Value* | *Comment* |
        | Library | Telnet |     |    |     |    | # default values                |
        | Library | Telnet | 0.5 |    |     |    | # set only timeout              |
        | Library | Telnet |     | LF |     |    | # set only newline              |
        | Library | Telnet | newline=LF | encoding=ISO-8859-1 | | | # set newline and encoding using named arguments |
        | Library | Telnet | 2.0 | LF |     |    | # set timeout and newline       |
        | Library | Telnet | 2.0 | CRLF | $ |    | # set also prompt               |
        | Library | Telnet | 2.0 | LF | (> |# ) | True | # set prompt as a regular expression |
        | Library | Telnet | terminal_emulation=True | terminal_type=vt100 | window_size=400x100 | | # use terminal emulation with defined window size and terminal type |
        """
        self._timeout = timeout or 3.0
        self._newline = newline or 'CRLF'
        self._prompt = (prompt, bool(prompt_is_regexp))
        self._encoding = encoding
        self._encoding_errors = encoding_errors
        self._default_log_level = default_log_level
        self._window_size = self._parse_window_size(window_size)
        self._environ_user = environ_user
        self._terminal_emulation = self._parse_terminal_emulation(terminal_emulation)
        self._terminal_type = terminal_type
        self._cache = utils.ConnectionCache()
        self._conn = None
        self._conn_kws = self._lib_kws = None
 
    def get_keyword_names(self):
        return self._get_library_keywords() + self._get_connection_keywords()
 
    def _get_library_keywords(self):
        if self._lib_kws is None:
            self._lib_kws = self._get_keywords(self, ['get_keyword_names'])
        return self._lib_kws
 
    def _get_keywords(self, source, excluded):
        return [name for name in dir(source)
                if self._is_keyword(name, source, excluded)]
 
    def _is_keyword(self, name, source, excluded):
        return (name not in excluded and
                not name.startswith('_') and
                name != 'get_keyword_names' and
                inspect.ismethod(getattr(source, name)))
 
    def _get_connection_keywords(self):
        if self._conn_kws is None:
            conn = self._get_connection()
            excluded = [name for name in dir(telnetlib.Telnet())
                        if name not in ['write', 'read', 'read_until']]
            self._conn_kws = self._get_keywords(conn, excluded)
        return self._conn_kws
 
    def __getattr__(self, name):
        if name not in self._get_connection_keywords():
            raise AttributeError(name)
        # If no connection is initialized, get attributes from a non-active
        # connection. This makes it possible for Robot to create keyword
        # handlers when it imports the library.
        return getattr(self._conn or self._get_connection(), name)
 
    def open_connection(self, host, alias=None, port=23, timeout=None,
                        newline=None, prompt=None, prompt_is_regexp=False,
                        encoding=None, encoding_errors=None,
                        default_log_level=None, window_size=None,
                        environ_user=None, terminal_emulation=False,
                        terminal_type=None):
        """Opens a new Telnet connection to the given host and port.
 
        The `timeout`, `newline`, `prompt`, `prompt_is_regexp`, `encoding`,
        `default_log_level`, `window_size`, `environ_user`,
        `terminal_emulation`, and `terminal_type` arguments get default values
        when the library is [#Importing|imported]. Setting them here overrides
        those values for the opened connection. See `Configuration` and
        `Terminal emulation` sections for more information.
 
        Possible already opened connections are cached and it is possible to
        switch back to them using `Switch Connection` keyword. It is possible
        to switch either using explicitly given `alias` or using index returned
        by this keyword. Indexing starts from 1 and is reset back to it by
        `Close All Connections` keyword.
        """
        timeout = timeout or self._timeout
        newline = newline or self._newline
        encoding = encoding or self._encoding
        encoding_errors = encoding_errors or self._encoding_errors
        default_log_level = default_log_level or self._default_log_level
        window_size = self._parse_window_size(window_size) or self._window_size
        environ_user = environ_user or self._environ_user
        terminal_emulation = self._get_terminal_emulation_with_default(terminal_emulation)
        terminal_type = terminal_type or self._terminal_type
        if not prompt:
            prompt, prompt_is_regexp = self._prompt
        logger.info('Opening connection to %s:%s with prompt: %s'
                    % (host, port, prompt))
        self._conn = self._get_connection(host, port, timeout, newline,
                                          prompt, prompt_is_regexp,
                                          encoding, encoding_errors,
                                          default_log_level, window_size,
                                          environ_user, terminal_emulation,
                                          terminal_type)
        return self._cache.register(self._conn, alias)
 
    def _get_terminal_emulation_with_default(self, terminal_emulation):
        if terminal_emulation is None or terminal_emulation == '':
            return self._terminal_emulation
        return self._parse_terminal_emulation(terminal_emulation)
 
    def _parse_terminal_emulation(self, terminal_emulation):
        if not terminal_emulation:
            return False
        if isinstance(terminal_emulation, basestring):
            return terminal_emulation.lower() == 'true'
        return bool(terminal_emulation)
 
    def _parse_window_size(self, window_size):
        if not window_size:
            return None
        try:
            cols, rows = window_size.split('x')
            cols, rows = (int(cols), int(rows))
        except:
            raise AssertionError("Invalid window size '%s'. Should be <rows>x<columns>" % window_size)
        return cols, rows
 
    def _get_connection(self, *args):
        """Can be overridden to use a custom connection."""
        return TelnetConnection(*args)
 
    def switch_connection(self, index_or_alias):
        """Switches between active connections using an index or an alias.
 
        Aliases can be given to `Open Connection` keyword which also always
        returns the connection index.
 
        This keyword returns the index of previous active connection.
 
        Example:
        | `Open Connection`   | myhost.net              |          |           |
        | `Login`             | john                    | secret   |           |
        | `Write`             | some command            |          |           |
        | `Open Connection`   | yourhost.com            | 2nd conn |           |
        | `Login`             | root                    | password |           |
        | `Write`             | another cmd             |          |           |
        | ${old index}=       | `Switch Connection`     | 1        | # index   |
        | `Write`             | something               |          |           |
        | `Switch Connection` | 2nd conn                |          | # alias   |
        | `Write`             | whatever                |          |           |
        | `Switch Connection` | ${old index}            | | # back to original |
        | [Teardown]          | `Close All Connections` |          |           |
 
        The example above expects that there were no other open
        connections when opening the first one, because it used index
        '1' when switching to the connection later. If you are not
        sure about that, you can store the index into a variable as
        shown below.
 
        | ${index} =          | `Open Connection` | myhost.net |
        | `Do Something`      |                   |            |
        | `Switch Connection` | ${index}          |            |
        """
        old_index = self._cache.current_index
        self._conn = self._cache.switch(index_or_alias)
        return old_index
 
    def close_all_connections(self):
        """Closes all open connections and empties the connection cache.
 
        If multiple connections are opened, this keyword should be used in
        a test or suite teardown to make sure that all connections are closed.
        It is not an error is some of the connections have already been closed
        by `Close Connection`.
 
        After this keyword, new indexes returned by `Open Connection`
        keyword are reset to 1.
        """
        self._conn = self._cache.close_all()
 
 
class TelnetConnection(telnetlib.Telnet):
 
    NEW_ENVIRON_IS = chr(0)
    NEW_ENVIRON_VAR = chr(0)
    NEW_ENVIRON_VALUE = chr(1)
    INTERNAL_UPDATE_FREQUENCY = 0.03
 
    def __init__(self, host=None, port=23, timeout=3.0, newline='CRLF',
                 prompt=None, prompt_is_regexp=False,
                 encoding='UTF-8', encoding_errors='ignore',
                 default_log_level='INFO', window_size=None, environ_user=None,
                 terminal_emulation=False, terminal_type=None):
        telnetlib.Telnet.__init__(self, host, int(port) if port else 23)
        self._set_timeout(timeout)
        self._set_newline(newline)
        self._set_prompt(prompt, prompt_is_regexp)
        self._set_encoding(encoding, encoding_errors)
        self._set_default_log_level(default_log_level)
        self._window_size = window_size
        self._environ_user = environ_user
        self._terminal_emulator = self._check_terminal_emulation(terminal_emulation)
        self._terminal_type = str(terminal_type) if terminal_type else None
        self.set_option_negotiation_callback(self._negotiate_options)
 
    def set_timeout(self, timeout):
        """Sets the timeout used for waiting output in the current connection.
 
        Read operations that expect some output to appear (`Read Until`, `Read
        Until Regexp`, `Read Until Prompt`, `Login`) use this timeout and fail
        if the expected output does not appear before this timeout expires.
 
        The `timeout` must be given in `time string format`. The old timeout is
        returned and can be used to restore the timeout later.
 
        Example:
        | ${old} =       | `Set Timeout` | 2 minute 30 seconds |
        | `Do Something` |
        | `Set Timeout`  | ${old}  |
 
        See `Configuration` section for more information about global and
        connection specific configuration.
        """
        self._verify_connection()
        old = self._timeout
        self._set_timeout(timeout)
        return utils.secs_to_timestr(old)
 
    def _set_timeout(self, timeout):
        self._timeout = utils.timestr_to_secs(timeout)
 
    def set_newline(self, newline):
        """Sets the newline used by `Write` keyword in the current connection.
 
        The old newline is returned and can be used to restore the newline later.
        See `Set Timeout` for a similar example.
 
        If terminal emulation is used, the newline can not be changed on an open
        connection.
 
        See `Configuration` section for more information about global and
        connection specific configuration.
        """
        self._verify_connection()
        if self._terminal_emulator:
            raise AssertionError("Newline can not be changed when terminal emulation is used.")
        old = self._newline
        self._set_newline(newline)
        return old
 
    def _set_newline(self, newline):
        self._newline = str(newline).upper().replace('LF','\n').replace('CR','\r')
 
    def set_prompt(self, prompt, prompt_is_regexp=False):
        """Sets the prompt used by `Read Until Prompt` and `Login` in the current connection.
 
        If `prompt_is_regexp` is given any true value, including any non-empty
        string, the given `prompt` is considered to be a regular expression.
 
        The old prompt is returned and can be used to restore the prompt later.
 
        Example:
        | ${prompt} | ${regexp} = | `Set Prompt` | $ |
        | `Do Something` |
        | `Set Prompt` | ${prompt} | ${regexp} |
 
        See the documentation of
        [http://docs.python.org/2/library/re.html|Python `re` module]
        for more information about the supported regular expression syntax.
        Notice that possible backslashes need to be escaped in Robot Framework
        test data.
 
        See `Configuration` section for more information about global and
        connection specific configuration.
        """
        self._verify_connection()
        old = self._prompt
        self._set_prompt(prompt, prompt_is_regexp)
        if old[1]:
            return old[0].pattern, True
        return old
 
    def _set_prompt(self, prompt, prompt_is_regexp):
        if prompt_is_regexp:
            self._prompt = (re.compile(prompt), True)
        else:
            self._prompt = (prompt, False)
 
    def _prompt_is_set(self):
        return self._prompt[0] is not None
 
    def set_encoding(self, encoding=None, errors=None):
        """Sets the encoding to use for `writing and reading` in the current connection.
 
        The given `encoding` specifies the encoding to use when written/read
        text is encoded/decoded, and `errors` specifies the error handler to
        use if encoding/decoding fails. Either of these can be omitted and in
        that case the old value is not affected. Use string `NONE` to disable
        encoding altogether.
 
        See `Configuration` section for more information about encoding and
        error handlers, as well as global and connection specific configuration
        in general.
 
        The old values are returned and can be used to restore the encoding
        and the error handler later. See `Set Prompt` for a similar example.
 
        If terminal emulation is used, the encoding can not be changed on an open
        connection.
 
        Setting encoding in general is a new feature in Robot Framework 2.7.6.
        Specifying the error handler and disabling encoding were added in 2.7.7.
        """
        self._verify_connection()
        if self._terminal_emulator:
            raise AssertionError("Encoding can not be changed when terminal emulation is used.")
        old = self._encoding
        self._set_encoding(encoding or old[0], errors or old[1])
        return old
 
    def _set_encoding(self, encoding, errors):
        self._encoding = (encoding.upper(), errors)
 
    def _encode(self, text):
        if isinstance(text, str):
            return text
        if self._encoding[0] == 'NONE':
            return str(text)
        return text.encode(*self._encoding)
 
    def _decode(self, bytes):
        if self._encoding[0] == 'NONE':
            return bytes
        return bytes.decode(*self._encoding)
 
    def set_default_log_level(self, level):
        """Sets the default log level used for `logging` in the current connection.
 
        The old default log level is returned and can be used to restore the
        log level later.
 
        See `Configuration` section for more information about global and
        connection specific configuration.
        """
        self._verify_connection()
        old = self._default_log_level
        self._set_default_log_level(level)
        return old
 
    def _set_default_log_level(self, level):
        if level is None or not self._is_valid_log_level(level):
            raise AssertionError("Invalid log level '%s'" % level)
        self._default_log_level = level.upper()
 
    def _is_valid_log_level(self, level):
        if level is None:
            return True
        if not isinstance(level, basestring):
            return False
        return level.upper() in ('TRACE', 'DEBUG', 'INFO', 'WARN')
 
    def close_connection(self, loglevel=None):
        """Closes the current Telnet connection.
 
        Remaining output in the connection is read, logged, and returned.
        It is not an error to close an already closed connection.
 
        Use `Close All Connections` if you want to make sure all opened
        connections are closed.
 
        See `Logging` section for more information about log levels.
        """
        self.close()
        output = self._decode(self.read_all())
        self._log(output, loglevel)
        return output
 
    def login(self, username, password, login_prompt='login: ',
              password_prompt='Password: ', login_timeout='1 second',
              login_incorrect='Login incorrect'):
        """Logs in to the Telnet server with the given user information.
 
        This keyword reads from the connection until the `login_prompt` is
        encountered and then types the given `username`. Then it reads until
        the `password_prompt` and types the given `password`. In both cases
        a newline is appended automatically and the connection specific
        timeout used when waiting for outputs.
 
        How logging status is verified depends on whether a prompt is set for
        this connection or not:
 
        1) If the prompt is set, this keyword reads the output until the prompt
        is found using the normal timeout. If no prompt is found, login is
        considered failed and also this keyword fails. Note that in this case
        both `login_timeout` and `login_incorrect` arguments are ignored.
 
        2) If the prompt is not set, this keywords sleeps until `login_timeout`
        and then reads all the output available on the connection. If the
        output contains `login_incorrect` text, login is considered failed
        and also this keyword fails. Both of these configuration parameters
        were added in Robot Framework 2.7.6. In earlier versions they were
        hard coded.
 
        See `Configuration` section for more information about setting
        newline, timeout, and prompt.
        """
        output = self._submit_credentials(username, password, login_prompt,
                                          password_prompt)
        if self._prompt_is_set():
            success, output2 = self._read_until_prompt()
        else:
            success, output2 = self._verify_login_without_prompt(
                    login_timeout, login_incorrect)
        output += output2
        self._log(output)
        if not success:
            raise AssertionError('Login incorrect')
        return output
 
    def _submit_credentials(self, username, password, login_prompt, password_prompt):
        # Using write_bare here instead of write because don't want to wait for
        # newline: http://code.google.com/p/robotframework/issues/detail?id=1371
        output = self.read_until(login_prompt, 'TRACE')
        self.write_bare(username + self._newline)
        output += self.read_until(password_prompt, 'TRACE')
        self.write_bare(password + self._newline)
        return output
 
    def _verify_login_without_prompt(self, delay, incorrect):
        time.sleep(utils.timestr_to_secs(delay))
        output = self.read('TRACE')
        success = incorrect not in output
        return success, output
 
    def write(self, text, loglevel=None):
        """Writes the given text plus a newline into the connection.
 
        The newline character sequence to use can be [#Configuration|configured]
        both globally and per connection basis. The default value is `CRLF`.
 
        This keyword consumes the written text, until the added newline, from
        the output and logs and returns it. The given text itself must not
        contain newlines. Use `Write Bare` instead if either of these features
        causes a problem.
 
        *Note:* This keyword does not return the possible output of the executed
        command. To get the output, one of the `Read ...` keywords must be used.
        See `Writing and reading` section for more details.
 
        See `Logging` section for more information about log levels.
        """
        if self._newline in text:
            raise RuntimeError("'Write' keyword cannot be used with strings "
                               "containing newlines. Use 'Write Bare' instead.")
        self.write_bare(text + self._newline)
        # Can't read until 'text' because long lines are cut strangely in the output
        return self.read_until(self._newline, loglevel)
 
    def write_bare(self, text):
        """Writes the given text, and nothing else, into the connection.
 
        This keyword does not append a newline nor consume the written text.
        Use `Write` if these features are needed.
        """
        self._verify_connection()
        telnetlib.Telnet.write(self, self._encode(text))
 
    def write_until_expected_output(self, text, expected, timeout,
                                    retry_interval, loglevel=None):
        """Writes the given `text` repeatedly, until `expected` appears in the output.
 
        `text` is written without appending a newline and it is consumed from
        the output before trying to find `expected`. If `expected` does not
        appear in the output within `timeout`, this keyword fails.
 
        `retry_interval` defines the time to wait `expected` to appear before
        writing the `text` again. Consuming the written `text` is subject to
        the normal [#Configuration|configured timeout].
 
        Both `timeout` and `retry_interval` must be given in `time string
        format`. See `Logging` section for more information about log levels.
 
        Example:
        | Write Until Expected Output | ps -ef| grep myprocess\\r\\n | myprocess |
        | ...                         | 5 s                          | 0.5 s     |
 
        The above example writes command `ps -ef | grep myprocess\\r\\n` until
        `myprocess` appears in the output. The command is written every 0.5
        seconds and the keyword fails if `myprocess` does not appear in
        the output in 5 seconds.
        """
        timeout = utils.timestr_to_secs(timeout)
        retry_interval = utils.timestr_to_secs(retry_interval)
        maxtime = time.time() + timeout
        while time.time() < maxtime:
            self.write_bare(text)
            self.read_until(text, loglevel)
            try:
                with self._custom_timeout(retry_interval):
                    return self.read_until(expected, loglevel)
            except AssertionError:
                pass
        raise NoMatchError(expected, timeout)
 
    def read(self, loglevel=None):
        """Reads everything that is currently available in the output.
 
        Read output is both returned and logged. See `Logging` section for more
        information about log levels.
        """
        self._verify_connection()
        output = self.read_very_eager()
        if self._terminal_emulator:
            self._terminal_emulator.feed(output)
            output = self._terminal_emulator.read()
        else:
            output = self._decode(output)
        self._log(output, loglevel)
        return output
 
    def read_until(self, expected, loglevel=None):
        """Reads output until `expected` text is encountered.
 
        Text up to and including the match is returned and logged. If no match
        is found, this keyword fails. How much to wait for the output depends
        on the [#Configuration|configured timeout].
 
        See `Logging` section for more information about log levels. Use
        `Read Until Regexp` if more complex matching is needed.
        """
        success, output = self._read_until(expected)
        self._log(output, loglevel)
        if not success:
            raise NoMatchError(expected, self._timeout, output)
        return output
 
    def _read_until(self, expected):
        self._verify_connection()
        if self._terminal_emulator:
            return self._terminal_read_until(expected)
        expected = self._encode(expected)
        output = telnetlib.Telnet.read_until(self, expected, self._timeout)
        return output.endswith(expected), self._decode(output)
 
    @property
    def _terminal_frequency(self):
        return min(self.INTERNAL_UPDATE_FREQUENCY, self._timeout)
 
    def _terminal_read_until(self, expected):
        max_time = time.time() + self._timeout
        out = self._terminal_emulator.read_until(expected)
        if out:
            return True, out
        while time.time() < max_time:
            input_bytes = telnetlib.Telnet.read_until(self, expected,
                                                      self._terminal_frequency)
            self._terminal_emulator.feed(input_bytes)
            out = self._terminal_emulator.read_until(expected)
            if out:
                return True, out
        return False, self._terminal_emulator.read()
 
    def _read_until_regexp(self, *expected):
        self._verify_connection()
        if self._terminal_emulator:
            return self._terminal_read_until_regexp(expected)
        expected = [self._encode(exp) if isinstance(exp, unicode) else exp
                    for exp in expected]
        return self._telnet_read_until_regexp(expected)
 
    def _terminal_read_until_regexp(self, expected_list):
        max_time = time.time() + self._timeout
        regexp_list = [re.compile(rgx) for rgx in expected_list]
        out = self._terminal_emulator.read_until_regexp(regexp_list)
        if out:
            return True, out
        while time.time() < max_time:
            output = self.expect(regexp_list, self._terminal_frequency)[-1]
            self._terminal_emulator.feed(output)
            out = self._terminal_emulator.read_until_regexp(regexp_list)
            if out:
                return True, out
        return False, self._terminal_emulator.read()
 
    def _telnet_read_until_regexp(self, expected_list):
        try:
            index, _, output = self.expect(expected_list, self._timeout)
        except TypeError:
            index, output = -1, ''
        return index != -1, self._decode(output)
 
    def read_until_regexp(self, *expected):
        """Reads output until any of the `expected` regular expressions match.
 
        This keyword accepts any number of regular expressions patterns or
        compiled Python regular expression objects as arguments. Text up to
        and including the first match to any of the regular expressions is
        returned and logged. If no match is found, this keyword fails. How much
        to wait for the output depends on the [#Configuration|configured timeout].
 
        If the last given argument is a [#Logging|valid log level], it is used
        as `loglevel` similarly as with `Read Until` keyword.
 
        See the documentation of
        [http://docs.python.org/2/library/re.html|Python `re` module]
        for more information about the supported regular expression syntax.
        Notice that possible backslashes need to be escaped in Robot Framework
        test data.
 
        Examples:
        | `Read Until Regexp` | (#|$) |
        | `Read Until Regexp` | first_regexp | second_regexp |
        | `Read Until Regexp` | \\\\d{4}-\\\\d{2}-\\\\d{2} | DEBUG |
        """
        if not expected:
            raise RuntimeError('At least one pattern required')
        if self._is_valid_log_level(expected[-1]):
            loglevel = expected[-1]
            expected = expected[:-1]
        else:
            loglevel = None
        success, output = self._read_until_regexp(*expected)
        self._log(output, loglevel)
        if not success:
            expected = [exp if isinstance(exp, basestring) else exp.pattern
                        for exp in expected]
            raise NoMatchError(expected, self._timeout, output)
        return output
 
    def read_until_prompt(self, loglevel=None):
        """Reads output until the prompt is encountered.
 
        This keyword requires the prompt to be [#Configuration|configured]
        either in `importing` or with `Open Connection` or `Set Prompt` keyword.
 
        Text up to and including the prompt is returned and logged. If no prompt
        is found, this keyword fails. How much to wait for the output depends
        on the [#Configuration|configured timeout].
 
        See `Logging` section for more information about log levels.
        """
        if not self._prompt_is_set():
            raise RuntimeError('Prompt is not set.')
        success, output = self._read_until_prompt()
        self._log(output, loglevel)
        if not success:
            prompt, regexp = self._prompt
            raise AssertionError("Prompt '%s' not found in %s."
                    % (prompt if not regexp else prompt.pattern,
                       utils.secs_to_timestr(self._timeout)))
        return output
 
    def _read_until_prompt(self):
        prompt, regexp = self._prompt
        read_until = self._read_until_regexp if regexp else self._read_until
        return read_until(prompt)
 
    def execute_command(self, command, loglevel=None):
        """Executes the given `command` and reads, logs, and returns everything until the prompt.
 
        This keyword requires the prompt to be [#Configuration|configured]
        either in `importing` or with `Open Connection` or `Set Prompt` keyword.
 
        This is a convenience keyword that uses `Write` and `Read Until Prompt`
        internally Following two examples are thus functionally identical:
 
        | ${out} = | `Execute Command`   | pwd |
 
        | `Write`  | pwd                 |
        | ${out} = | `Read Until Prompt` |
 
        See `Logging` section for more information about log levels.
        """
        self.write(command, loglevel)
        return self.read_until_prompt(loglevel)
 
    @contextmanager
    def _custom_timeout(self, timeout):
        old = self.set_timeout(timeout)
        try:
            yield
        finally:
            self.set_timeout(old)
 
    def _verify_connection(self):
        if not self.sock:
            raise RuntimeError('No connection open')
 
    def _log(self, msg, level=None):
        msg = msg.strip()
        if msg:
            logger.write(msg, level or self._default_log_level)
 
    def _negotiate_options(self, sock, cmd, opt):
        # This is supposed to turn server side echoing on and turn other options off.
        if opt == telnetlib.ECHO and cmd in (telnetlib.WILL, telnetlib.WONT):
            self._opt_echo_on(opt)
        elif cmd == telnetlib.DO and opt == telnetlib.TTYPE and self._terminal_type:
            self._opt_terminal_type(opt, self._terminal_type)
        elif cmd == telnetlib.DO and opt == telnetlib.NEW_ENVIRON and self._environ_user:
            self._opt_environ_user(opt, self._environ_user)
        elif cmd == telnetlib.DO and opt == telnetlib.NAWS and self._window_size:
            self._opt_window_size(opt, *self._window_size)
        elif opt != telnetlib.NOOPT:
            self._opt_dont_and_wont(cmd, opt)
 
    def _opt_echo_on(self, opt):
        return self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.DO + opt)
 
    def _opt_terminal_type(self, opt, terminal_type):
        self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.WILL + opt)
        self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.SB + telnetlib.TTYPE
                          + self.NEW_ENVIRON_IS + terminal_type
                          + telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.SE)
 
    def _opt_environ_user(self, opt, environ_user):
        self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.WILL + opt)
        self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.SB + telnetlib.NEW_ENVIRON
                          + self.NEW_ENVIRON_IS + self.NEW_ENVIRON_VAR
                          + "USER" + self.NEW_ENVIRON_VALUE + environ_user
                          + telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.SE)
 
    def _opt_window_size(self, opt, window_x, window_y):
        self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.WILL + opt)
        self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.SB + telnetlib.NAWS
                          + struct.pack('!HH', window_x, window_y)
                          + telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.SE)
 
    def _opt_dont_and_wont(self, cmd, opt):
        if cmd in (telnetlib.DO, telnetlib.DONT):
            self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.WONT + opt)
        elif cmd in (telnetlib.WILL, telnetlib.WONT):
            self.sock.sendall(telnetlib.IAC + telnetlib.DONT + opt)
 
    def msg(self, msg, *args):
        # Forward telnetlib's debug messages to log
        logger.trace(msg % args)
 
    def _check_terminal_emulation(self, terminal_emulation):
        if not terminal_emulation:
            return False
        if not pyte:
            raise RuntimeError("Terminal emulation requires pyte module!\n"
                               "https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pyte/")
        return TerminalEmulator(window_size=self._window_size,
                                newline=self._newline, encoding=self._encoding)
 
 
class TerminalEmulator(object):
 
    def __init__(self, window_size=None, newline="\r\n",
                 encoding=('UTF-8', 'ignore')):
        self._rows, self._columns = window_size or (200, 200)
        self._newline = newline
        self._stream = pyte.ByteStream(encodings=[encoding])
        self._screen = pyte.HistoryScreen(self._rows,
                                          self._columns,
                                          history=100000)
        self._stream.attach(self._screen)
        self._screen.set_charset('B', '(')
        self._buffer = ''
        self._whitespace_after_last_feed = ''
 
    @property
    def current_output(self):
        return self._buffer + self._dump_screen()
 
    def _dump_screen(self):
        return self._get_history() + \
               self._get_screen(self._screen) + \
               self._whitespace_after_last_feed
 
    def _get_history(self):
        if self._screen.history.top:
            return self._get_screen(self._screen.history.top) + self._newline
        return ''
 
    def _get_screen(self, screen):
        return self._newline.join(''.join(c.data for c in row).rstrip()
                                  for row in screen).rstrip(self._newline)
 
    def feed(self, input_bytes):
        self._stream.feed(input_bytes)
        self._whitespace_after_last_feed = input_bytes[len(input_bytes.rstrip()):]
 
    def read(self):
        current_out = self.current_output
        self._update_buffer('')
        return current_out
 
    def read_until(self, expected):
        current_out = self.current_output
        exp_index = current_out.find(expected)
        if exp_index != -1:
            self._update_buffer(current_out[exp_index+len(expected):])
            return current_out[:exp_index+len(expected)]
        return None
 
    def read_until_regexp(self, regexp_list):
        current_out = self.current_output
        for rgx in regexp_list:
            match = rgx.search(current_out)
            if match:
                self._update_buffer(current_out[match.end():])
                return current_out[:match.end()]
        return None
 
    def _update_buffer(self, terminal_buffer):
        self._buffer = terminal_buffer
        self._whitespace_after_last_feed = ''
        self._screen.reset()
        self._screen.set_charset('B', '(')
 
 
class NoMatchError(AssertionError):
    ROBOT_SUPPRESS_NAME = True
 
    def __init__(self, expected, timeout, output=None):
        self.expected = expected
        self.timeout = utils.secs_to_timestr(timeout)
        self.output = output
        AssertionError.__init__(self, self._get_message())
 
    def _get_message(self):
        expected = "'%s'" % self.expected \
                   if isinstance(self.expected, basestring) \
                   else utils.seq2str(self.expected, lastsep=' or ')
        msg = "No match found for %s in %s." % (expected, self.timeout)
        if self.output is not None:
            msg += ' Output:\n%s' % self.output
        return msg