import collections
import itertools
import re
import sys
import warnings
from bs4.dammit import EntitySubstitution
 
DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING = "utf-8"
PY3K = (sys.version_info[0] > 2)
 
whitespace_re = re.compile("\s+")
 
def _alias(attr):
    """Alias one attribute name to another for backward compatibility"""
    @property
    def alias(self):
        return getattr(self, attr)
 
    @alias.setter
    def alias(self):
        return setattr(self, attr)
    return alias
 
 
class NamespacedAttribute(unicode):
 
    def __new__(cls, prefix, name, namespace=None):
        if name is None:
            obj = unicode.__new__(cls, prefix)
        else:
            obj = unicode.__new__(cls, prefix + ":" + name)
        obj.prefix = prefix
        obj.name = name
        obj.namespace = namespace
        return obj
 
 
class PageElement(object):
    """Contains the navigational information for some part of the page
    (either a tag or a piece of text)"""
 
    # There are five possible values for the "formatter" argument passed in
    # to methods like encode() and prettify():
    #
    # "html" - All Unicode characters with corresponding HTML entities
    #   are converted to those entities on output.
    # "minimal" - Bare ampersands and angle brackets are converted to
    #   XML entities: & < >
    # None - The null formatter. Unicode characters are never
    #   converted to entities.  This is not recommended, but it's
    #   faster than "minimal".
    # A function - This function will be called on every string that
    #  needs to undergo entity substition
    FORMATTERS = {
        "html" : EntitySubstitution.substitute_html,
        "minimal" : EntitySubstitution.substitute_xml,
        None : None
        }
 
    def setup(self, parent=None, previous_element=None):
        """Sets up the initial relations between this element and
        other elements."""
        self.parent = parent
        self.previous_element = previous_element
        self.next_element = None
        self.previous_sibling = None
        self.next_sibling = None
        if self.parent is not None and self.parent.contents:
            self.previous_sibling = self.parent.contents[-1]
            self.previous_sibling.next_sibling = self
 
    nextSibling = _alias("next_sibling")  # BS3
    previousSibling = _alias("previous_sibling")  # BS3
 
    def replace_with(self, replace_with):
        if replace_with is self:
            return
        if replace_with is self.parent:
            raise ValueError("Cannot replace a Tag with its parent.")
        old_parent = self.parent
        my_index = self.parent.index(self)
        if (hasattr(replace_with, 'parent')
            and replace_with.parent is self.parent):
            # We're replacing this element with one of its siblings.
            if self.parent.index(replace_with) < my_index:
                # Furthermore, it comes before this element. That
                # means that when we extract it, the index of this
                # element will change.
                my_index -= 1
        self.extract()
        old_parent.insert(my_index, replace_with)
        return self
    replaceWith = replace_with  # BS3
 
    def replace_with_children(self):
        my_parent = self.parent
        my_index = self.parent.index(self)
        self.extract()
        for child in reversed(self.contents[:]):
            my_parent.insert(my_index, child)
        return self
    replaceWithChildren = replace_with_children  # BS3
 
    def extract(self):
        """Destructively rips this element out of the tree."""
        if self.parent is not None:
            del self.parent.contents[self.parent.index(self)]
 
        #Find the two elements that would be next to each other if
        #this element (and any children) hadn't been parsed. Connect
        #the two.
        last_child = self._last_descendant()
        next_element = last_child.next_element
 
        if self.previous_element is not None:
            self.previous_element.next_element = next_element
        if next_element is not None:
            next_element.previous_element = self.previous_element
        self.previous_element = None
        last_child.next_element = None
 
        self.parent = None
        if self.previous_sibling is not None:
            self.previous_sibling.next_sibling = self.next_sibling
        if self.next_sibling is not None:
            self.next_sibling.previous_sibling = self.previous_sibling
        self.previous_sibling = self.next_sibling = None
        return self
 
    def _last_descendant(self):
        "Finds the last element beneath this object to be parsed."
        last_child = self
        while hasattr(last_child, 'contents') and last_child.contents:
            last_child = last_child.contents[-1]
        return last_child
    # BS3: Not part of the API!
    _lastRecursiveChild = _last_descendant
 
    def insert(self, position, new_child):
        if new_child is self:
            raise ValueError("Cannot insert a tag into itself.")
        if (isinstance(new_child, basestring)
            and not isinstance(new_child, NavigableString)):
            new_child = NavigableString(new_child)
 
        position = min(position, len(self.contents))
        if hasattr(new_child, 'parent') and new_child.parent is not None:
            # We're 'inserting' an element that's already one
            # of this object's children.
            if new_child.parent is self:
                if self.index(new_child) > position:
                    # Furthermore we're moving it further down the
                    # list of this object's children. That means that
                    # when we extract this element, our target index
                    # will jump down one.
                    position -= 1
            new_child.extract()
 
        new_child.parent = self
        previous_child = None
        if position == 0:
            new_child.previous_sibling = None
            new_child.previous_element = self
        else:
            previous_child = self.contents[position - 1]
            new_child.previous_sibling = previous_child
            new_child.previous_sibling.next_sibling = new_child
            new_child.previous_element = previous_child._last_descendant()
        if new_child.previous_element is not None:
            new_child.previous_element.next_element = new_child
 
        new_childs_last_element = new_child._last_descendant()
 
        if position >= len(self.contents):
            new_child.next_sibling = None
 
            parent = self
            parents_next_sibling = None
            while parents_next_sibling is None and parent is not None:
                parents_next_sibling = parent.next_sibling
                parent = parent.parent
                if parents_next_sibling is not None:
                    # We found the element that comes next in the document.
                    break
            if parents_next_sibling is not None:
                new_childs_last_element.next_element = parents_next_sibling
            else:
                # The last element of this tag is the last element in
                # the document.
                new_childs_last_element.next_element = None
        else:
            next_child = self.contents[position]
            new_child.next_sibling = next_child
            if new_child.next_sibling is not None:
                new_child.next_sibling.previous_sibling = new_child
            new_childs_last_element.next_element = next_child
 
        if new_childs_last_element.next_element is not None:
            new_childs_last_element.next_element.previous_element = new_childs_last_element
        self.contents.insert(position, new_child)
 
    def append(self, tag):
        """Appends the given tag to the contents of this tag."""
        self.insert(len(self.contents), tag)
 
    def insert_before(self, predecessor):
        """Makes the given element the immediate predecessor of this one.
 
        The two elements will have the same parent, and the given element
        will be immediately before this one.
        """
        if self is predecessor:
            raise ValueError("Can't insert an element before itself.")
        parent = self.parent
        if parent is None:
            raise ValueError(
                "Element has no parent, so 'before' has no meaning.")
        # Extract first so that the index won't be screwed up if they
        # are siblings.
        if isinstance(predecessor, PageElement):
            predecessor.extract()
        index = parent.index(self)
        parent.insert(index, predecessor)
 
    def insert_after(self, successor):
        """Makes the given element the immediate successor of this one.
 
        The two elements will have the same parent, and the given element
        will be immediately after this one.
        """
        if self is successor:
            raise ValueError("Can't insert an element after itself.")
        parent = self.parent
        if parent is None:
            raise ValueError(
                "Element has no parent, so 'after' has no meaning.")
        # Extract first so that the index won't be screwed up if they
        # are siblings.
        if isinstance(successor, PageElement):
            successor.extract()
        index = parent.index(self)
        parent.insert(index+1, successor)
 
    def find_next(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the first item that matches the given criteria and
        appears after this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_one(self.find_all_next, name, attrs, text, **kwargs)
    findNext = find_next  # BS3
 
    def find_all_next(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, limit=None,
                    **kwargs):
        """Returns all items that match the given criteria and appear
        after this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_all(name, attrs, text, limit, self.next_elements,
                             **kwargs)
    findAllNext = find_all_next  # BS3
 
    def find_next_sibling(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the closest sibling to this Tag that matches the
        given criteria and appears after this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_one(self.find_next_siblings, name, attrs, text,
                             **kwargs)
    findNextSibling = find_next_sibling  # BS3
 
    def find_next_siblings(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, limit=None,
                           **kwargs):
        """Returns the siblings of this Tag that match the given
        criteria and appear after this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_all(name, attrs, text, limit,
                              self.next_siblings, **kwargs)
    findNextSiblings = find_next_siblings   # BS3
    fetchNextSiblings = find_next_siblings  # BS2
 
    def find_previous(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the first item that matches the given criteria and
        appears before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_one(
            self.find_all_previous, name, attrs, text, **kwargs)
    findPrevious = find_previous  # BS3
 
    def find_all_previous(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, limit=None,
                        **kwargs):
        """Returns all items that match the given criteria and appear
        before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_all(name, attrs, text, limit, self.previous_elements,
                           **kwargs)
    findAllPrevious = find_all_previous  # BS3
    fetchPrevious = find_all_previous    # BS2
 
    def find_previous_sibling(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the closest sibling to this Tag that matches the
        given criteria and appears before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_one(self.find_previous_siblings, name, attrs, text,
                             **kwargs)
    findPreviousSibling = find_previous_sibling  # BS3
 
    def find_previous_siblings(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None,
                               limit=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the siblings of this Tag that match the given
        criteria and appear before this Tag in the document."""
        return self._find_all(name, attrs, text, limit,
                              self.previous_siblings, **kwargs)
    findPreviousSiblings = find_previous_siblings   # BS3
    fetchPreviousSiblings = find_previous_siblings  # BS2
 
    def find_parent(self, name=None, attrs={}, **kwargs):
        """Returns the closest parent of this Tag that matches the given
        criteria."""
        # NOTE: We can't use _find_one because findParents takes a different
        # set of arguments.
        r = None
        l = self.find_parents(name, attrs, 1)
        if l:
            r = l[0]
        return r
    findParent = find_parent  # BS3
 
    def find_parents(self, name=None, attrs={}, limit=None, **kwargs):
        """Returns the parents of this Tag that match the given
        criteria."""
 
        return self._find_all(name, attrs, None, limit, self.parents,
                             **kwargs)
    findParents = find_parents   # BS3
    fetchParents = find_parents  # BS2
 
    @property
    def next(self):
        return self.next_element
 
    @property
    def previous(self):
        return self.previous_element
 
    #These methods do the real heavy lifting.
 
    def _find_one(self, method, name, attrs, text, **kwargs):
        r = None
        l = method(name, attrs, text, 1, **kwargs)
        if l:
            r = l[0]
        return r
 
    def _find_all(self, name, attrs, text, limit, generator, **kwargs):
        "Iterates over a generator looking for things that match."
 
        if isinstance(name, SoupStrainer):
            strainer = name
        elif text is None and not limit and not attrs and not kwargs:
            # Optimization to find all tags.
            if name is True or name is None:
                return [element for element in generator
                        if isinstance(element, Tag)]
            # Optimization to find all tags with a given name.
            elif isinstance(name, basestring):
                return [element for element in generator
                        if isinstance(element, Tag) and element.name == name]
            else:
                strainer = SoupStrainer(name, attrs, text, **kwargs)
        else:
            # Build a SoupStrainer
            strainer = SoupStrainer(name, attrs, text, **kwargs)
        results = ResultSet(strainer)
        while True:
            try:
                i = next(generator)
            except StopIteration:
                break
            if i:
                found = strainer.search(i)
                if found:
                    results.append(found)
                    if limit and len(results) >= limit:
                        break
        return results
 
    #These generators can be used to navigate starting from both
    #NavigableStrings and Tags.
    @property
    def next_elements(self):
        i = self.next_element
        while i is not None:
            yield i
            i = i.next_element
 
    @property
    def next_siblings(self):
        i = self.next_sibling
        while i is not None:
            yield i
            i = i.next_sibling
 
    @property
    def previous_elements(self):
        i = self.previous_element
        while i is not None:
            yield i
            i = i.previous_element
 
    @property
    def previous_siblings(self):
        i = self.previous_sibling
        while i is not None:
            yield i
            i = i.previous_sibling
 
    @property
    def parents(self):
        i = self.parent
        while i is not None:
            yield i
            i = i.parent
 
    # Methods for supporting CSS selectors.
 
    tag_name_re = re.compile('^[a-z0-9]+$')
 
    # /^(\w+)\[(\w+)([=~\|\^\$\*]?)=?"?([^\]"]*)"?\]$/
    #   \---/  \---/\-------------/    \-------/
    #     |      |         |               |
    #     |      |         |           The value
    #     |      |    ~,|,^,$,* or =
    #     |   Attribute
    #    Tag
    attribselect_re = re.compile(
        r'^(?P<tag>\w+)?\[(?P<attribute>\w+)(?P<operator>[=~\|\^\$\*]?)' +
        r'=?"?(?P<value>[^\]"]*)"?\]$'
        )
 
    def _attr_value_as_string(self, value, default=None):
        """Force an attribute value into a string representation.
 
        A multi-valued attribute will be converted into a
        space-separated stirng.
        """
        value = self.get(value, default)
        if isinstance(value, list) or isinstance(value, tuple):
            value =" ".join(value)
        return value
 
    def _attribute_checker(self, operator, attribute, value=''):
        """Create a function that performs a CSS selector operation.
 
        Takes an operator, attribute and optional value. Returns a
        function that will return True for elements that match that
        combination.
        """
        if operator == '=':
            # string representation of `attribute` is equal to `value`
            return lambda el: el._attr_value_as_string(attribute) == value
        elif operator == '~':
            # space-separated list representation of `attribute`
            # contains `value`
            def _includes_value(element):
                attribute_value = element.get(attribute, [])
                if not isinstance(attribute_value, list):
                    attribute_value = attribute_value.split()
                return value in attribute_value
            return _includes_value
        elif operator == '^':
            # string representation of `attribute` starts with `value`
            return lambda el: el._attr_value_as_string(
                attribute, '').startswith(value)
        elif operator == '$':
            # string represenation of `attribute` ends with `value`
            return lambda el: el._attr_value_as_string(
                attribute, '').endswith(value)
        elif operator == '*':
            # string representation of `attribute` contains `value`
            return lambda el: value in el._attr_value_as_string(attribute, '')
        elif operator == '|':
            # string representation of `attribute` is either exactly
            # `value` or starts with `value` and then a dash.
            def _is_or_starts_with_dash(element):
                attribute_value = element._attr_value_as_string(attribute, '')
                return (attribute_value == value or attribute_value.startswith(
                        value + '-'))
            return _is_or_starts_with_dash
        else:
            return lambda el: el.has_attr(attribute)
 
    def select(self, selector):
        """Perform a CSS selection operation on the current element."""
        tokens = selector.split()
        current_context = [self]
        for index, token in enumerate(tokens):
            if tokens[index - 1] == '>':
                # already found direct descendants in last step. skip this
                # step.
                continue
            m = self.attribselect_re.match(token)
            if m is not None:
                # Attribute selector
                tag, attribute, operator, value = m.groups()
                if not tag:
                    tag = True
                checker = self._attribute_checker(operator, attribute, value)
                found = []
                for context in current_context:
                    found.extend(
                        [el for el in context.find_all(tag) if checker(el)])
                current_context = found
                continue
 
            if '#' in token:
                # ID selector
                tag, id = token.split('#', 1)
                if tag == "":
                    tag = True
                el = current_context[0].find(tag, {'id': id})
                if el is None:
                    return [] # No match
                current_context = [el]
                continue
 
            if '.' in token:
                # Class selector
                tag_name, klass = token.split('.', 1)
                if not tag_name:
                    tag_name = True
                classes = set(klass.split('.'))
                found = []
                def classes_match(tag):
                    if tag_name is not True and tag.name != tag_name:
                        return False
                    if not tag.has_attr('class'):
                        return False
                    return classes.issubset(tag['class'])
                for context in current_context:
                    found.extend(context.find_all(classes_match))
                current_context = found
                continue
 
            if token == '*':
                # Star selector
                found = []
                for context in current_context:
                    found.extend(context.findAll(True))
                current_context = found
                continue
 
            if token == '>':
                # Child selector
                tag = tokens[index + 1]
                if not tag:
                    tag = True
 
                found = []
                for context in current_context:
                    found.extend(context.find_all(tag, recursive=False))
                current_context = found
                continue
 
            # Here we should just have a regular tag
            if not self.tag_name_re.match(token):
                return []
            found = []
            for context in current_context:
                found.extend(context.findAll(token))
            current_context = found
        return current_context
 
    # Old non-property versions of the generators, for backwards
    # compatibility with BS3.
    def nextGenerator(self):
        return self.next_elements
 
    def nextSiblingGenerator(self):
        return self.next_siblings
 
    def previousGenerator(self):
        return self.previous_elements
 
    def previousSiblingGenerator(self):
        return self.previous_siblings
 
    def parentGenerator(self):
        return self.parents
 
    # Utility methods
    def substitute_encoding(self, str, encoding=None):
        encoding = encoding or "utf-8"
        return str.replace("%SOUP-ENCODING%", encoding)
 
 
class NavigableString(unicode, PageElement):
 
    PREFIX = ''
    SUFFIX = ''
 
    def __new__(cls, value):
        """Create a new NavigableString.
 
        When unpickling a NavigableString, this method is called with
        the string in DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING. That encoding needs to be
        passed in to the superclass's __new__ or the superclass won't know
        how to handle non-ASCII characters.
        """
        if isinstance(value, unicode):
            return unicode.__new__(cls, value)
        return unicode.__new__(cls, value, DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING)
 
    def __getnewargs__(self):
        return (unicode(self),)
 
    def __getattr__(self, attr):
        """text.string gives you text. This is for backwards
        compatibility for Navigable*String, but for CData* it lets you
        get the string without the CData wrapper."""
        if attr == 'string':
            return self
        else:
            raise AttributeError(
                "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'" % (
                    self.__class__.__name__, attr))
 
    def output_ready(self, formatter="minimal"):
        if not callable(formatter):
            formatter = self.FORMATTERS.get(
                formatter, EntitySubstitution.substitute_xml)
        if formatter is None:
            output = self
        else:
            output = formatter(self)
 
        return self.PREFIX + output + self.SUFFIX
 
 
class CData(NavigableString):
 
    PREFIX = u'<![CDATA['
    SUFFIX = u']]>'
 
 
class ProcessingInstruction(NavigableString):
 
    PREFIX = u'<?'
    SUFFIX = u'?>'
 
 
class Comment(NavigableString):
 
    PREFIX = u'<!--'
    SUFFIX = u'-->'
 
 
class Declaration(NavigableString):
    PREFIX = u'<!'
    SUFFIX = u'!>'
 
 
class Doctype(NavigableString):
 
    @classmethod
    def for_name_and_ids(cls, name, pub_id, system_id):
        value = name
        if pub_id is not None:
            value += ' PUBLIC "%s"' % pub_id
            if system_id is not None:
                value += ' "%s"' % system_id
        elif system_id is not None:
            value += ' SYSTEM "%s"' % system_id
 
        return Doctype(value)
 
    PREFIX = u'<!DOCTYPE '
    SUFFIX = u'>\n'
 
 
class Tag(PageElement):
 
    """Represents a found HTML tag with its attributes and contents."""
 
    def __init__(self, parser=None, builder=None, name=None, namespace=None,
                 prefix=None, attrs=None, parent=None, previous=None):
        "Basic constructor."
 
        if parser is None:
            self.parser_class = None
        else:
            # We don't actually store the parser object: that lets extracted
            # chunks be garbage-collected.
            self.parser_class = parser.__class__
        if name is None:
            raise ValueError("No value provided for new tag's name.")
        self.name = name
        self.namespace = namespace
        self.prefix = prefix
        if attrs is None:
            attrs = {}
        else:
            attrs = dict(attrs)
            if builder.cdata_list_attributes:
                universal = builder.cdata_list_attributes.get('*', [])
                tag_specific = builder.cdata_list_attributes.get(
                    self.name.lower(), [])
                for cdata_list_attr in itertools.chain(universal, tag_specific):
                    if cdata_list_attr in attrs:
                        # Basically, we have a "class" attribute whose
                        # value is a whitespace-separated list of CSS
                        # classes. Split it into a list.
                        value = attrs[cdata_list_attr]
                        values = whitespace_re.split(value)
                        attrs[cdata_list_attr] = values
        self.attrs = attrs
        self.contents = []
        self.setup(parent, previous)
        self.hidden = False
 
        # Set up any substitutions, such as the charset in a META tag.
        if builder is not None:
            self.contains_substitutions = builder.set_up_substitutions(self)
 
            self.can_be_empty_element = builder.can_be_empty_element(name)
        else:
            self.contains_substitutions = False
            self.can_be_empty_element = False
 
    parserClass = _alias("parser_class")  # BS3
 
    @property
    def is_empty_element(self):
        """Is this tag an empty-element tag? (aka a self-closing tag)
 
        A tag that has contents is never an empty-element tag.
 
        A tag that has no contents may or may not be an empty-element
        tag. It depends on the builder used to create the tag. If the
        builder has a designated list of empty-element tags, then only
        a tag whose name shows up in that list is considered an
        empty-element tag.
 
        If the builder has no designated list of empty-element tags,
        then any tag with no contents is an empty-element tag.
        """
        return len(self.contents) == 0 and self.can_be_empty_element
    isSelfClosing = is_empty_element  # BS3
 
    @property
    def string(self):
        """Convenience property to get the single string within this tag.
 
        :Return: If this tag has a single string child, return value
         is that string. If this tag has no children, or more than one
         child, return value is None. If this tag has one child tag,
         return value is the 'string' attribute of the child tag,
         recursively.
        """
        if len(self.contents) != 1:
            return None
        child = self.contents[0]
        if isinstance(child, NavigableString):
            return child
        return child.string
 
    @string.setter
    def string(self, string):
        self.clear()
        self.append(string)
 
    def _all_strings(self, strip=False):
        """Yield all child strings, possibly stripping them."""
        for descendant in self.descendants:
            if not isinstance(descendant, NavigableString):
                continue
            if strip:
                descendant = descendant.strip()
                if len(descendant) == 0:
                    continue
            yield descendant
    strings = property(_all_strings)
 
    @property
    def stripped_strings(self):
        for string in self._all_strings(True):
            yield string
 
    def get_text(self, separator="", strip=False):
        """
        Get all child strings, concatenated using the given separator.
        """
        return separator.join([s for s in self._all_strings(strip)])
    getText = get_text
    text = property(get_text)
 
    def decompose(self):
        """Recursively destroys the contents of this tree."""
        self.extract()
        i = self
        while i is not None:
            next = i.next_element
            i.__dict__.clear()
            i = next
 
    def clear(self, decompose=False):
        """
        Extract all children. If decompose is True, decompose instead.
        """
        if decompose:
            for element in self.contents[:]:
                if isinstance(element, Tag):
                    element.decompose()
                else:
                    element.extract()
        else:
            for element in self.contents[:]:
                element.extract()
 
    def index(self, element):
        """
        Find the index of a child by identity, not value. Avoids issues with
        tag.contents.index(element) getting the index of equal elements.
        """
        for i, child in enumerate(self.contents):
            if child is element:
                return i
        raise ValueError("Tag.index: element not in tag")
 
    def get(self, key, default=None):
        """Returns the value of the 'key' attribute for the tag, or
        the value given for 'default' if it doesn't have that
        attribute."""
        return self.attrs.get(key, default)
 
    def has_attr(self, key):
        return key in self.attrs
 
    def __hash__(self):
        return str(self).__hash__()
 
    def __getitem__(self, key):
        """tag[key] returns the value of the 'key' attribute for the tag,
        and throws an exception if it's not there."""
        return self.attrs[key]
 
    def __iter__(self):
        "Iterating over a tag iterates over its contents."
        return iter(self.contents)
 
    def __len__(self):
        "The length of a tag is the length of its list of contents."
        return len(self.contents)
 
    def __contains__(self, x):
        return x in self.contents
 
    def __nonzero__(self):
        "A tag is non-None even if it has no contents."
        return True
 
    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        """Setting tag[key] sets the value of the 'key' attribute for the
        tag."""
        self.attrs[key] = value
 
    def __delitem__(self, key):
        "Deleting tag[key] deletes all 'key' attributes for the tag."
        self.attrs.pop(key, None)
 
    def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        """Calling a tag like a function is the same as calling its
        find_all() method. Eg. tag('a') returns a list of all the A tags
        found within this tag."""
        return self.find_all(*args, **kwargs)
 
    def __getattr__(self, tag):
        #print "Getattr %s.%s" % (self.__class__, tag)
        if len(tag) > 3 and tag.endswith('Tag'):
            # BS3: soup.aTag -> "soup.find("a")
            tag_name = tag[:-3]
            warnings.warn(
                '.%sTag is deprecated, use .find("%s") instead.' % (
                    tag_name, tag_name))
            return self.find(tag_name)
        # We special case contents to avoid recursion.
        elif not tag.startswith("__") and not tag=="contents":
            return self.find(tag)
        raise AttributeError(
            "'%s' object has no attribute '%s'" % (self.__class__, tag))
 
    def __eq__(self, other):
        """Returns true iff this tag has the same name, the same attributes,
        and the same contents (recursively) as the given tag."""
        if self is other:
            return True
        if (not hasattr(other, 'name') or
            not hasattr(other, 'attrs') or
            not hasattr(other, 'contents') or
            self.name != other.name or
            self.attrs != other.attrs or
            len(self) != len(other)):
            return False
        for i, my_child in enumerate(self.contents):
            if my_child != other.contents[i]:
                return False
        return True
 
    def __ne__(self, other):
        """Returns true iff this tag is not identical to the other tag,
        as defined in __eq__."""
        return not self == other
 
    def __repr__(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING):
        """Renders this tag as a string."""
        return self.encode(encoding)
 
    def __unicode__(self):
        return self.decode()
 
    def __str__(self):
        return self.encode()
 
    if PY3K:
        __str__ = __repr__ = __unicode__
 
    def encode(self, encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING,
               indent_level=None, formatter="minimal",
               errors="xmlcharrefreplace"):
        # Turn the data structure into Unicode, then encode the
        # Unicode.
        u = self.decode(indent_level, encoding, formatter)
        return u.encode(encoding, errors)
 
    def decode(self, indent_level=None,
               eventual_encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING,
               formatter="minimal"):
        """Returns a Unicode representation of this tag and its contents.
 
        :param eventual_encoding: The tag is destined to be
           encoded into this encoding. This method is _not_
           responsible for performing that encoding. This information
           is passed in so that it can be substituted in if the
           document contains a <META> tag that mentions the document's
           encoding.
        """
        attrs = []
        if self.attrs:
            for key, val in sorted(self.attrs.items()):
                if val is None:
                    decoded = key
                else:
                    if isinstance(val, list) or isinstance(val, tuple):
                        val = ' '.join(val)
                    elif not isinstance(val, basestring):
                        val = str(val)
                    if (self.contains_substitutions
                        and eventual_encoding is not None
                        and '%SOUP-ENCODING%' in val):
                        val = self.substitute_encoding(val, eventual_encoding)
 
                    decoded = (str(key) + '='
                               + EntitySubstitution.substitute_xml(val, True))
                attrs.append(decoded)
        close = ''
        closeTag = ''
        if self.is_empty_element:
            close = '/'
        else:
            closeTag = '</%s>' % self.name
 
        prefix = ''
        if self.prefix:
            prefix = self.prefix + ":"
 
        pretty_print = (indent_level is not None)
        if pretty_print:
            space = (' ' * (indent_level - 1))
            indent_contents = indent_level + 1
        else:
            space = ''
            indent_contents = None
        contents = self.decode_contents(
            indent_contents, eventual_encoding, formatter)
 
        if self.hidden:
            # This is the 'document root' object.
            s = contents
        else:
            s = []
            attribute_string = ''
            if attrs:
                attribute_string = ' ' + ' '.join(attrs)
            if pretty_print:
                s.append(space)
            s.append('<%s%s%s%s>' % (
                    prefix, self.name, attribute_string, close))
            if pretty_print:
                s.append("\n")
            s.append(contents)
            if pretty_print and contents and contents[-1] != "\n":
                s.append("\n")
            if pretty_print and closeTag:
                s.append(space)
            s.append(closeTag)
            if pretty_print and closeTag and self.next_sibling:
                s.append("\n")
            s = ''.join(s)
        return s
 
    def prettify(self, encoding=None, formatter="minimal"):
        if encoding is None:
            return self.decode(True, formatter=formatter)
        else:
            return self.encode(encoding, True, formatter=formatter)
 
    def decode_contents(self, indent_level=None,
                       eventual_encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING,
                       formatter="minimal"):
        """Renders the contents of this tag as a Unicode string.
 
        :param eventual_encoding: The tag is destined to be
           encoded into this encoding. This method is _not_
           responsible for performing that encoding. This information
           is passed in so that it can be substituted in if the
           document contains a <META> tag that mentions the document's
           encoding.
        """
        pretty_print = (indent_level is not None)
        s = []
        for c in self:
            text = None
            if isinstance(c, NavigableString):
                text = c.output_ready(formatter)
            elif isinstance(c, Tag):
                s.append(c.decode(indent_level, eventual_encoding,
                                  formatter))
            if text and indent_level:
                text = text.strip()
            if text:
                if pretty_print:
                    s.append(" " * (indent_level - 1))
                s.append(text)
                if pretty_print:
                    s.append("\n")
        return ''.join(s)
 
    #Soup methods
 
    def find(self, name=None, attrs={}, recursive=True, text=None,
             **kwargs):
        """Return only the first child of this Tag matching the given
        criteria."""
        r = None
        l = self.find_all(name, attrs, recursive, text, 1, **kwargs)
        if l:
            r = l[0]
        return r
    findChild = find
 
    def find_all(self, name=None, attrs={}, recursive=True, text=None,
                 limit=None, **kwargs):
        """Extracts a list of Tag objects that match the given
        criteria.  You can specify the name of the Tag and any
        attributes you want the Tag to have.
 
        The value of a key-value pair in the 'attrs' map can be a
        string, a list of strings, a regular expression object, or a
        callable that takes a string and returns whether or not the
        string matches for some custom definition of 'matches'. The
        same is true of the tag name."""
        generator = self.descendants
        if not recursive:
            generator = self.children
        return self._find_all(name, attrs, text, limit, generator, **kwargs)
    findAll = find_all       # BS3
    findChildren = find_all  # BS2
 
    #Generator methods
    @property
    def children(self):
        # return iter() to make the purpose of the method clear
        return iter(self.contents)  # XXX This seems to be untested.
 
    @property
    def descendants(self):
        if not len(self.contents):
            return
        stopNode = self._last_descendant().next_element
        current = self.contents[0]
        while current is not stopNode:
            yield current
            current = current.next_element
 
    # Old names for backwards compatibility
    def childGenerator(self):
        return self.children
 
    def recursiveChildGenerator(self):
        return self.descendants
 
    # This was kind of misleading because has_key() (attributes) was
    # different from __in__ (contents). has_key() is gone in Python 3,
    # anyway.
    has_key = has_attr
 
# Next, a couple classes to represent queries and their results.
class SoupStrainer(object):
    """Encapsulates a number of ways of matching a markup element (tag or
    text)."""
 
    def __init__(self, name=None, attrs={}, text=None, **kwargs):
        self.name = name
        if not isinstance(attrs, dict):
            # Treat a non-dict value for attrs as a search for the 'class'
            # attribute.
            kwargs['class'] = attrs
            attrs = None
        if kwargs:
            if attrs:
                attrs = attrs.copy()
                attrs.update(kwargs)
            else:
                attrs = kwargs
        self.attrs = attrs
        self.text = text
 
    def __str__(self):
        if self.text:
            return self.text
        else:
            return "%s|%s" % (self.name, self.attrs)
 
    def search_tag(self, markup_name=None, markup_attrs={}):
        found = None
        markup = None
        if isinstance(markup_name, Tag):
            markup = markup_name
            markup_attrs = markup
        call_function_with_tag_data = (
            isinstance(self.name, collections.Callable)
            and not isinstance(markup_name, Tag))
 
        if ((not self.name)
            or call_function_with_tag_data
            or (markup and self._matches(markup, self.name))
            or (not markup and self._matches(markup_name, self.name))):
            if call_function_with_tag_data:
                match = self.name(markup_name, markup_attrs)
            else:
                match = True
                markup_attr_map = None
                for attr, match_against in list(self.attrs.items()):
                    if not markup_attr_map:
                        if hasattr(markup_attrs, 'get'):
                            markup_attr_map = markup_attrs
                        else:
                            markup_attr_map = {}
                            for k, v in markup_attrs:
                                markup_attr_map[k] = v
                    attr_value = markup_attr_map.get(attr)
                    if not self._matches(attr_value, match_against):
                        match = False
                        break
            if match:
                if markup:
                    found = markup
                else:
                    found = markup_name
        if found and self.text and not self._matches(found.string, self.text):
            found = None
        return found
    searchTag = search_tag
 
    def search(self, markup):
        # print 'looking for %s in %s' % (self, markup)
        found = None
        # If given a list of items, scan it for a text element that
        # matches.
        if hasattr(markup, '__iter__') and not isinstance(markup, (Tag, basestring)):
            for element in markup:
                if isinstance(element, NavigableString) \
                       and self.search(element):
                    found = element
                    break
        # If it's a Tag, make sure its name or attributes match.
        # Don't bother with Tags if we're searching for text.
        elif isinstance(markup, Tag):
            if not self.text or self.name or self.attrs:
                found = self.search_tag(markup)
        # If it's text, make sure the text matches.
        elif isinstance(markup, NavigableString) or \
                 isinstance(markup, basestring):
            if not self.name and not self.attrs and self._matches(markup, self.text):
                found = markup
        else:
            raise Exception(
                "I don't know how to match against a %s" % markup.__class__)
        return found
 
    def _matches(self, markup, match_against):
        #print "Matching %s against %s" % (markup, match_against)
        result = False
 
        if isinstance(markup, list) or isinstance(markup, tuple):
            # This should only happen when searching, e.g. the 'class'
            # attribute.
            if (isinstance(match_against, basestring)
                and ' ' in match_against):
                # A bit of a special case. If they try to match "foo
                # bar" on a multivalue attribute's value, only accept
                # the literal value "foo bar"
                #
                # XXX This is going to be pretty slow because we keep
                # splitting match_against. But it shouldn't come up
                # too often.
                result = (whitespace_re.split(match_against) == markup)
            else:
                for item in markup:
                    if self._matches(item, match_against):
                        result = True
        elif match_against is True:
            result = markup is not None
        elif isinstance(match_against, collections.Callable):
            result = match_against(markup)
        else:
            #Custom match methods take the tag as an argument, but all
            #other ways of matching match the tag name as a string.
            if isinstance(markup, Tag):
                markup = markup.name
            if markup is not None and not isinstance(markup, basestring):
                markup = unicode(markup)
            #Now we know that chunk is either a string, or None.
            if hasattr(match_against, 'match'):
                # It's a regexp object.
                result = markup and match_against.search(markup)
            elif (hasattr(match_against, '__iter__')
                    and markup is not None
                    and not isinstance(match_against, basestring)):
                result = markup in match_against
            elif hasattr(match_against, 'items'):
                if markup is None:
                    result = len(match_against.items()) == 0
                else:
                    result = match_against in markup
            elif match_against and isinstance(markup, basestring):
                match_against = markup.__class__(match_against)
 
            if not result:
                result = match_against == markup
        return result
 
 
class ResultSet(list):
    """A ResultSet is just a list that keeps track of the SoupStrainer
    that created it."""
    def __init__(self, source):
        list.__init__([])
        self.source = source